阿长与山海经内容简介

阿长与山海经内容简介

【范文精选】阿长与山海经内容简介

【范文大全】阿长与山海经内容简介

【专家解析】阿长与山海经内容简介

【优秀范文】阿长与山海经内容简介

范文一:《海蒂》内容简介

内容简介:

总的来说,《海蒂》分为第一部“海蒂的学习和漫游岁月”和第二部“海蒂学以致用”。小说以风景如画的阿尔卑斯山为背景,第一部描写了小海蒂童年时期的成长历程,以及她使饱经沧桑、心情抑郁的爷爷变得开朗起来。第二部描写了成长起来的海蒂帮助瘫痪姑娘克拉拉重新站立起来的故事。

具体来说,人物刻画生动。海蒂是一个天真活泼、善良淳朴的小姑娘,她热爱生活,热爱自然,助人为乐,年纪不大却有着感人的人格就力。正是在她纯真的感情感染下,饱经沧桑、心情抑郁的爷爷变得开朗起来。也正是在她的爱心帮助下,瘫痪姑娘克拉拉又有了生活的勇气,重新站立起来。在这部作品里,作者也通过许多真实感人的生活场景和恰到好处的艺术细节,逐步描绘出海蒂真挚感人的艺术形象。作品中其他人物,如外表冷漠、内心善良的爷爷,喜欢放羊玩耍而不爱学习的彼得,以及懂得孩子心理。善于启发和引导孩子的克拉拉的奶奶等,也都栩栩如生、跃然纸上。这也是这部作品深受欢迎的原因所在。 这部作品另外一个特点,就是作者以深厚的感情,用极其生动的笔触描绘了阿尔卑斯山多姿多彩的自然风光、朴实淳厚的风土民情以及海蒂对美好家园的热爱,向读者展示了一幅美好的阿尔卑斯山画卷。现在,小说中描绘的海蒂的家乡已经成为一个著名旅游景点,世界各地的读者,尤其是青少年读者前往那里,去参观海蒂曾经居住过的茅屋、呼吸那里的清新空气、饱览那些美丽如画的景色。

《海蒂》整本书大概讲的故事是讲述了小女孩海蒂的一段成长故

事。海蒂在父母去世后,跟着姨妈生活。可是姨妈为了得到一份好工作,将海蒂送回到爷爷家。爷爷是大家公认的怪老头,居住在阿尔卑斯山上,远离人群。他其实心地善良,却不相信任何人,他希望海蒂永远接触不到世人恶的一面。因此,尽管海蒂已经到了上学的年龄,他始终拒绝送海蒂去学校。海蒂便每天跟着牧童皮特去放羊,时不时去陪伴皮特的奶奶。突然有一天,海蒂的姨妈来找爷爷,明知爷爷不悦,仍想方设法将海蒂带到法兰克福去陪伴一户富有人家的女儿——长年坐轮椅的克拉拉,同时也学一点东西。

克拉拉的奶奶教会了海蒂识字阅读。可是海蒂自由惯了,很难适应中产阶级家庭里严格的规矩。她感到很孤单,在缺乏生气的城市中日渐忧郁。因为思乡心切,海蒂生病了,每夜都会梦游。主人只好将海蒂送回阿尔卑斯山。

第二年夏天,克拉拉去高山牧场看望海蒂。海蒂带克拉拉参观自己身边一切美好的事物。皮特十分嫉妒,一时冲动,趁人不注意的时候把克拉拉的空轮椅推到山下摔得粉碎。为了能去看花,克拉拉只能强迫自己练习走路——在海蒂的帮助下,她真的可以走路了。在阿尔卑斯山,所有人都得到了安慰,恢复了精神和身体上的健康。

正如作者所说,这本书是写给“孩子以及爱孩子的人”看的。相信任何人读完此书,都会被海蒂深深吸引,她是那样纯真可爱,尽管身世可怜,她却始终保持了孩子向善的天性,热爱自然,乐于助人,由此赢得了所有人的喜爱。同样吸引人的,还有书中饱经磨难、性格倔强的爷爷,毫无骄纵之情的富家小姐克拉拉,虔诚信仰上帝的皮特

奶奶和克拉拉的奶奶等角色,以及阿尔卑斯山上美丽无边的自然风光。这一切都要归功于作者人木三分的刻画和描绘。

范文二:《海底两万里》内容简介

《海底两万里》

作者简介

儒勒·凡尔纳(Jules-Verne,1828.2.8-1905.3.25)是19世纪法国作家,著名的科幻小说和冒险小说作家,被誉为“现代科学幻想小说之父”。 《海底两万里》是他的幻想小说三部曲之一,也是他的名篇佳作之首。第一部是《格兰特船长的儿女》,第三部是《神秘岛》。

内容简介

主要讲述了1866年法国生物学家阿尤纳斯带着仆人康塞尔和一个捕鲸手尼德•兰乘坐尼摩船长的诺第留斯号潜艇,在海底作了两万里的环球探险旅行。

1866年,在海上发现了一头被认为是独角鲸的大怪物。法国生物学家阿尤纳斯应邀参加追捕。追捕过程中,阿尤纳斯、他的仆人康塞尔和捕鲸叉手尼德•兰三人,发现这怪物不是什么独角鲸,而是一艘构造奇妙的潜艇。

潜艇船长尼摩,是个不明国籍、自称“跟整个人类断绝了关系”的神秘人物,身材高大,神情自信、坚毅。尼摩邀请阿尤纳斯参观了这艘令人惊叹的现代工业的杰作—一诺第留斯号;它利用海浪发电,供给船上热、光、动力;它所需的一切都取自海洋。它是尼摩在大洋中的一个荒岛上秘密建造起来的。

阿尤纳斯及其同伴乘诺第留斯号,从太平洋出发,开始了海底探险旅行。透过潜艇玻璃窗,海洋把各种光怪陆离的景象展现在他们面前:应有尽有的海底植物,空中飞鸟般的各种鱼类,以及到处皆是的形形色色的节肢动物、软体动物„„使人目不暇接。他们观察着,研究着。 途经克利斯波岛时,船长派人送来纸条,邀请他们三人到海底森林打猎。于是他们穿上潜水服,背上氧气瓶,手持特别猎枪,穿过换压舱,走在海底平原上。船长举枪射中一只大海獭,然后又杀了两条海豚似的动物,满载而归。书中描写海底奇妙的世界,令人称奇:

这真是一片奇妙又少见的海底森林,生长的都是高大的木本植物,小树上丛生的枝权都笔直伸向洋面。没有枝条,没有叶脉,像铁杆一样。在这像温带树林一般高大的各种不同的灌木中间,遍地生长着带有生动花朵的各色珊瑚。美丽极了!

尔后,潜艇经历了搁浅、土人围攻等危险,安然驶向印度洋。(潜艇到达加里曼丹附近时,食品告缺。阿尤纳斯他们三人决定上岸寻找蔬菜和野味。起初,他们运气不错,打死了几头野猪,采摘了不少水果。正当他们在沙滩上架起篝火准备烤肉时,突然受到土著人的袭击。他们慌忙逃进小艇,驶向停泊在海中的潜艇。可是土著人乘上木筏,紧追不舍。即使阿尤纳斯他们爬上潜艇,下了底舱,土著人仍然围着潜艇,不肯散去,再加上之后康塞尔又激怒了他们。第二天一早,潜艇开舱换气时,土著人纷纷爬上船来进攻。可是他们的手一碰到栏杆,就惊叫着退缩了回去,原来金属栏杆全部通了电。)

潜艇驶入印度洋,发生了一件离奇的事。尼摩船长从海面上望见了什么,突然充满了愤怒和仇恨。他粗暴地把阿尤纳斯及其同伴们禁闭在小房间里,并强迫他们人睡。翌日,阿尤纳斯醒来,尼摩船长请他治疗一个身受重伤的船员。船员不治身死。尼摩船长哀痛地带着送葬队伍,把死者埋在海底光彩夺目、瑰丽无比的珊瑚树林里。他说:在这里,珊瑚虫会把死者永远封闭起来,不受鲨鱼

和人的欺负!

印度半岛南端的锡兰岛在面前了。阿尤纳斯接受尼摩船长的建议,步行到海底采珠场。忽然,有条巨鲨向采珠人扑来。尼摩船长手拿短刀,挺身跟鲨鱼搏斗。在尼摩船长被鲨鱼的巨大躯体所压倒,危在旦夕时,尼德•兰迅速投出利叉,击中鲨鱼的心脏。船长救起那个穷苦的采珠人,又从自己口袋里取出一包珍珠送给他。由此,阿尤纳斯感到在尼摩身上有两点值得注意:一是他无比勇敢,二是他对人类的牺牲精神。看来,这个古怪的人还没有完全斩断他爱人类的感情。

他们在红海里追捕过一条濒于绝种的儒艮,儒艮肉当晚就被端上了餐桌。

从红海到地中海,若走好望角,需绕行非洲一周。但尼摩船长沿着他所发现的一条阿拉伯海底通道潜行,不到二十分钟,就通过苏伊土地峡,到达地中海。书中写道:诺第留斯在沿着又黑又深海底地道直冲过去。随着地道的斜坡,潜艇像箭一般随急流而下。地道两边狭窄的高墙上,只见飞奔的速度在电光下所画出的辉煌纹路,笔直成条。令我们心跳不止。

潜艇向康地岛驶去。这时,又发生了一件蹊跷事:随着凌晨潜艇窗前一个潜水人的出现,尼摩船长从橱内取出数百万黄金,写上地址,派人用小艇送走。这么多金子送到哪里呢?阿尤纳斯觉得,神秘的尼摩与陆地仍有某种联系。

潜艇穿过桑多林岛火山区海域的沸腾的水流,从直布罗陀海峡出来,驶到大西洋,停在维多湾海底。这里是1702年时的海军战场,当时给西班牙政府运送金银的船只在此沉没,海底铺满了金银珠宝。尼摩派出船员,把千百万金银装进潜艇。阿尤纳斯对这许多财富不能分给穷人表示惋惜。船长听了激动地回答:“我打捞这些财物是为了我自己吗?你以为我不知道世上有无数受苦的人们,有被压迫的种族,有要报仇的牺牲者吗?”阿尤纳斯于是明白了尼摩船长那次途经康地岛时送出去的数百万金子是给谁的。

在大西洋海底,阿尤纳斯随尼摩船长去做了一次新奇旅行;他们脚踩在沉没了的大陆——一大西洋洲的一座山峰上,观赏一座火山的海底喷火口喷出硫磺火石的奇景。眺望山脚下一座破坏了的城市—一整个沉没水底的庞贝城。书中描述传说中的海底古城:

远处是一座火山。山峰下面,在一般的石头和渣滓中间,一个阔大的喷火口吐出硫磺火石的急流,四散为火的瀑布,没入海水里,照着海底下的平原,一直到远方的尽头,我的眼下是一座破坏了的城市,倒塌的房屋,破损零散的拱门,倒在地上的石柱。远一点,是一些小型工程的废墟。更远一些,有一道道倒塌下来的城墙,宽阔无人的大陆,整个水下淹没的庞贝城,现在都复活过来,出现在我眼前了。

然后,诺第留斯号大胆向南极进发,潜艇航行在成群的鲸鱼中间。尼德•兰要求追打鲸鱼。尼摩部长不同意伤害这些善良无害的长须鲸。当海面上出现残酷的大头鲸向长须鲸进攻时,尼摩船长决定援救长须鲸。诺第留斯号用它那钢制的冲角,直穿大头鲸。经过一场恶斗,海上满浮着大头鲸的尸体。

穿过南极点后,潜艇又历经冰山封路、章鱼袭击等险情,都是尼摩船长以惊人的冷静和毅力,带领船员战胜了困难。

最后,潜艇驶过被称为风暴之王的大西洋暖流,来到了一艘法国爱国战舰沉没的地点。尼摩满怀激情地讲述了这艘“复仇号”战舰的历史。这引起阿尤纳斯的注意,把尼摩船长和他的同伴们关闭在诺第留斯号船壳中,并不是一种普通的愤世情绪,而是一种非常崇高的仇恨。那一夜在印度洋上,它不是攻击了某些船只吗?那个葬在珊瑚墓地的人,不正是诺第留斯号引起的冲突的牺牲者吗?而在所有的海面上,人们也正在追逐这可怕的毁灭性机器!

当诺第留斯号慢慢回到海面上来时,便有爆炸声发出:有艘战舰正向诺第留斯号发动攻击。尼摩船长决心把它击沉。阿尤纳斯试图劝阻,但船长说:“我是被压迫,瞧,那就是压迫者!由于他,所有一切我热爱过的,尊敬过的,祖国、父母、爱人、子女他们全死亡了!所有我仇恨的一切,就在那里!”

船长不愿这艘战舰的残骸跟“复仇号”的光荣残骸相混,他把战舰引向东方。第二天,可怕的打击开始了!诺第留斯号故意让敌人接近,再在推进器的强大推动下,用那厉害的冲角对准战舰浮标线以下的薄弱部位,从它身上横穿过去!瞬间,战舰船壳裂开,继而发生爆炸,迅速下沉。它的桅樯架满挤着遇难人。然后,那黑沉沉的巨体没入水中,跟它一起,这群死尸统统被强大无比的漩涡卷走„„

阿尤纳斯目睹这场惨景,对尼摩船长极端厌恶:“虽然他从别的方面可能受过很大的痛苦,但他没有权利来做这样残酷的报复。”阿尤纳斯在船上听到了尼摩船长的最后几句话:“全能的上帝!够了!够了!”

在挪威沿岸一带的危险海域中,阿尤纳斯和尼德•兰、康塞尔,乘坐小艇脱离了诺第留斯号,结束了这次穿过太平洋、印度洋、红海、地中海、南北两极海洋的海底两万里环球旅行。阿尤纳斯希望:“如果尼摩船长老是居住在他所选择的海洋中,但愿所有仇恨都在这颗倔强的心中平息!„„但愿他这个高明的学者继续做和平的探工作!”

尼摩船长本是印度的达卡王子。10岁时,他的父亲把他送往欧洲去接受教育,准备将来接替王位。达卡王子天资聪明,从10岁到30岁,他积累了各方面的知识,在科学、文学和艺术领域更具有杰出的才华。

1849年,达卡王子回到自己的祖国。他娶了一个印度的贵族女郎为妻。他们一共生了两个孩子,夫妻俩非常喜爱他们。

和其他被奴役的印度人一样,达卡王子是一位爱国者。他热爱自己的祖国,仇恨奴役压榨印度的英国殖民者。1857年,达卡王子组织了几次大规模的反殖民抵抗运动。在每一次激烈的战斗中,他总是身先士卒,站在战斗的最前列。为此,达卡王子赢得了广大印度人民的拥护和爱戴。英国殖民者对他恨之入骨,千方百计想杀害他。为了躲避敌人,他不得不逃离祖国。然而他的妻子和儿女,却被敌人残酷的杀害了。

达卡王子对敌人充满仇恨,他带着自己剩余的财产和忠于他的一群伙伴,在某一天忽然失踪了。从此,世界上再也没有达卡王子。他已经对人类的一切产生厌恶,对文明世界的一切不公平充满敌意。他发誓永远不再回到自己的祖国。他要在人们无法追踪他的地方,在海洋的深处,建立自己永久的栖身之地。

达卡王子在太平洋的一个荒岛上建立了一个造船厂。凭借雄厚的经济实力和超人的智慧,他亲自设计建造了一艘举世无双的潜水艇。在这之后,他一把火烧掉了这个荒岛。他用海水中的钠,这样一种独特的发明——达卡王子预言人类以后将会实现——制造出了万能的电力。有了电力,他的潜水艇就有了永不枯竭的动力。海洋深处埋藏着取之不尽的宝藏,为他的所有活动提供了充足的财源和物资。从此,他自称尼摩船长,他把他的潜艇命名为诺第留斯号(又译,鹦鹉螺号),神不知鬼不觉地将它隐藏在海洋深处。

人物评析

1、尼摩船长

《海底两万里》中的尼摩船长是小说里一个居主要地位的人物。

尼摩船长是一个带有浪漫、神秘色彩,非常吸引人的人物。他如大海一般兼具热情、冷酷、和善、危险、温和、暴躁、随和、任性„„他根据自己的设计建造了“鹦鹉螺”号潜水艇,潜航在海底进行大规模的科学研究,但这好像又不是他这种孤独生活的惟一目的。他躲避开他的敌人和迫害者,在海底探寻自由,又对自己孤独的生活深深感到悲痛。但他的良心从没有被残酷的生活经历磨灭过。

2、彼埃尔·阿尤纳斯

生物学家,博古通今,乘潜艇在水下航行,使他饱览了海洋里的 各种动植物;他和他那位对分类学入了迷的仆人康塞尔,将这些海洋生物向我们做了详实的介绍,界、门、纲、目、科、属、种,说得井井有条,使读者认识了许多海洋生物;阿尤纳斯还把在海洋中见到的种种奇观,娓娓道来,令读者大开眼界。

3、康塞尔

阿尤纳斯教授的仆人,生性沉稳,他从不大惊小怪。总是那么气定神闲,为人随和,从不着急上火——至少你看不出他着急上火。他精通分类理论,遇到什么总是认认真真或者说一本正经地把它们分类,但是对那些东西的名字却一无所知,可以说他是个分类狂。 、

4、尼德·兰

是个比较原始的人,一个野性十足的捕鲸手。他也会赞叹极地的美,但对他来说更重要的是牛排,小牛肉,小酒馆里的酒,在陆地上自由地行走。他性情火暴,受不了被监禁,总是计划逃脱,如果没有他,教授和康塞尔最后不可能回到陆地上。

5、法拉格特

“亚伯拉罕·林肯”号驱逐舰舰长,只在小说开头部分昙花一现。

一、填空 题

1、凡尔纳是”。《海底两万里》是他三部曲的第二部,第一部是《 格兰特船长的儿女 》,第三部是《 神秘岛 》。

2、凡尔纳的作品形象夸张地反映了19世纪“想,并成为 西方和日本 现代科幻小说的先河,我国的科幻小说大多也受到他作品的启发和影响。

3、凡尔纳的小说之所以动人,原因在于。

4、《海底两万里》中人物寥寥,有名有姓的只有四个半,即船长、生物学家的仆人 康塞尔 和捕鲸手 尼德·兰 。“亚伯拉罕·林肯”号驱逐舰舰长 法拉格特 ,只在小说开头部分昙花一现,姑且算半个。

5、《海底两万里》中诺第留斯号潜艇是船长尼摩在大洋中的一座荒岛上秘密建造的,船身坚固,利用 海洋 发电。

自测题

6、《海底两万里》中人物在印度洋的采珠场和展开过搏斗,捕鲸手尼德·兰手刃了一条凶恶的巨鲨;他们在红海里追捕过一条濒临绝种的 儒艮 ,它的肉当晚就被端上了餐桌。

9、《海底两万里》中尼摩船长说了一句:“”来形容人类的进步。

11、《海底两万里》题目中的“里”指的是

12、尼德·兰说,世界上的动物有两种,。后来他又说,世界上的人有两种, 倒霉的 和 不倒霉的 。

13、船长的国籍是》里有说明。

15、潜艇上的人睡的床是用穿的衣服是用用来写字的笔是用的触须 做的,墨水是用 墨鱼或乌贼的分泌物 做的,布是用 海洋纤维 做的。

16、鹦鹉螺号上的藏书量是册, 鹦鹉螺号的造价是鹦鹉螺号的最快速度是小时50海里 。

17、请列举几种海底植物:、

18、故事中,阿尤纳斯曾经在法国出版过一部书叫《

19、《海底两万里》告诉我们,鲸鱼用

20、尼摩船长会说种语言,分别是。

21、尼摩船长邀请我们去打猎,打到了

22、在红海,尼德·兰用鱼叉杀死了一头。

23、尼摩船长允许尼德·兰杀死海马,是因为。

24、北半球海洋中的水以

二、简答题

1、尼摩船长和阿尤纳斯在海底环球探险旅行时,经历了许多险情,请列举其中几次。 2、请说出尼摩船长与阿尤纳斯教授在海底环球旅行的路线。 3、为什么尼摩船长要将死去的同伴安葬在珊瑚丛中?

4、请简述《海底两万里》的内容。

诺蒂留斯号的潜艇,并且带着仆人康塞尔和一个捕鲸手,跟随尼摩船长乘坐这艘潜艇在海底作了两万里的环球探险旅行。

5、读完这部小说,你有什么感受和启示?

答:在我们的地球上,还有很多未知的,也可能是即将发生的事情,需要人们以一种求知的态度去看待。

6、请简析尼摩船长的形象。 大,目光犀利,有着哲人般的沉静,蔑视人类社会的法规。他勇敢刚毅,有着超人的智慧,乐观自信,富有同情心,崇尚自由独立,是一名富有正义感、反对压迫的战士。

7、小说中有四个主要人物,你最喜欢哪一个?请结合具体事例分析其形象。 最难能可贵的是对主人的一片忠心。当阿尤纳斯教授遭到意外被抛到海里,生命危在旦夕时,是康塞尔勇敢地跳入海里,陪他一起游,直到获救。当鹦鹉螺号撞上了冰山,无法换气时,是康塞尔把仅剩的一点氧气留给主人。

尼摩船长:

1、从“用海底沉船里的千百万金银来支援陆地上人们的正义斗争”中,可以看出他是一个具有正义感和反抗压迫的战士;

2、从“南极冰山脱险”中,可出看出他的英勇顽强、不畏艰险、镇定沉着;

3、从“智斗鲨鱼救采珠人”中,可以看出他同情弱者,心地善良,富有同情心;

4、从“击退土著人袭击”中,可以看出他知识渊博,有创造力和预见性(在船扶手上装有高压电),遇事沉着冷静;

5、从“含泪掩埋同伴”中,可以看出他虽外表冷郁但内心情感丰富,重情重意;

6、从“潜航在海底进行大规模的科学研究和躲避开他的敌人和迫害者”,可以看出他的神秘、孤独和追求自由的心理。

阿龙纳斯:

1、从他积极参与政府的远征考察活动,可以看出他热爱科学考察事业,具有正义感,希望造福人类;

2、从他敢于跟随尼摩船长乘坐潜艇作海底两万的探险旅行和在海底的感悟中,可以看出他有献身科学的精神、渊博的知识和乐观向上的心态。

康塞尔:

1、从①他愿意冒生命危险跟随主人参与捕鲸行动;②看到主人落水后,勇敢地跳下去抢救;③在南极缺氧的时候,把最后一丝空气留给主人三件事中,可以看出他是一个任劳任怨、忠心耿耿的仆人。

2、从他对各种水生动物进行分类并用专门的本子分类记录,可以看出他是一个有着丰富的知识和做事仔细认真有条不紊的人。

8、《海底两万里》是一部纯虚构的科幻小说,你觉得这部书最吸引你的地方是什么?书中哪些想象事物如今已成为现实?通过这些事例你能看出科幻小说与科技发展的某些关系吗? 实。科幻小说往往也是在科学研究基础上的推理和预言。书中曲折的情节和对海洋知识的介绍,如潜水艇、潜水服、电的使用等等在一定程度上促进了科学的发展 。

9、爱因斯坦说过,人的想象力比知识更重要。阅读这部小说,人们往往会被作者巨大的想象力吸引。关于想象力的神奇魅力与想象力的作用,你有什么看法? 好的想象。但是如果不切实际,不修边幅地胡乱想象,就是错误的、坏的想象。总之,想象必须合乎实际。

各节内容)

1、飞逝的巨礁:1866年起,出现了一件大怪事。海洋中发现一个庞然大物,就像飞逝的巨礁,多艘航船莫名其妙的被撞裂了。公众坚决要求把着头怪物从海洋里清除掉。

2、赞成与反对:对怪物主要有两派看法,一派认为是一种力大无穷的怪物,另一派则认为是一艘动力强大的“海下船”。我(法国巴黎自然史博物馆教授阿罗纳克斯)认为,怪物是一种力量大得惊人的“独角鲸”。美国海军部组织了一艘名为亚伯拉罕.林肯号的快速驱逐舰,准备去清除“怪物”。我应邀随行。

3、随先生尊便:我的仆人孔塞伊不假思索的说:“随先生尊便。”跟我一同上了以法拉格特为舰长的驱逐舰。驱逐舰从布鲁克林码头扬帆起锚,向大西洋全速前进。

4、尼德兰:舰长和全体海员同仇敌忾,决心一定要捕获独角鲸。只有加拿大人捕鲸手尼德兰对独角鲸的存在表示怀疑。

5、向冒险迎去:舰只在太平洋上游弋。大家的眼睛睁得大大的,努力地观察海面。三个月过去了,海员们开始泄气了,开始怀疑自己这次搜寻行动的意义。半年后,海员们要求返航。舰长许诺最后搜寻三天,三天后如果还无结果就将回去。到了规定期限的最后时刻,一向无动于衷的内德.兰德突然喊叫起来,他发现了怪物。

6、全速前进:林肯号企图捕获独角鲸,而独角鲸却若无其事地同林肯号捉迷藏。经过一夜一天的追逐周旋,到第二天晚上,双方形成对峙。当林肯号向独角鲸发起进攻时,独角鲸却突然熄灭电光,向林肯号喷射大水。林肯号遭遇了灭顶之灾。

7、不知其种属的鲸鱼:我被抛入海里,与孔塞伊在海中相依为命。正当筋疲力尽就要沉入海底时,被躲在独角鲸背上的内德.兰德拉出水面。内德说,这怪物不是鲸,是钢制的。我这才断定它是一艘潜水艇。我们在艇顶苟延残喘。天亮时,艇盖掀开,八个壮汉出来,把我们拖进艇里去。

8、动中之动:我们三人被关进一间黑屋子。半小时后,突然眼前一亮,进来两个人。我们用法语、英语、德语和拉丁文进行自我介绍,对方均无反应。他们走了,侍者送来食物,我们饱餐后就进入了梦乡。

9、尼德兰的怒火:潜水艇浮出海面更换新鲜的空气。三人仍被关在铁屋子里,内德怒气冲天,他想逃跑,又想夺取这条艇。一个侍者进来时被他出其不意地打倒在地掐得半死。这时候,一个说法语的人出现了。

10、海洋人:讲法语的就是这艘鹦鹉螺号潜水艇上的尼摩(意为“不存在的人”)艇长。他说第一次见面保持沉默是为了了解我们,其实那四种语言他都听的懂。他要我们听从他的命令,否则将置我们于死地。尼摩艇长说,他们的衣食用都取自海洋,他热爱海洋,海洋中没有争斗、厮杀和独裁。

11、鹦鹉螺号:尼摩艇长带我们参观“鹦鹉螺号”上有一万两千册藏书的图书室,给我抽用海带制成的雪茄,观赏他收集的标本,又看了他为我准备的雅致的房间以及他自己住的简陋的房间。

12、一切都用电:尼摩艇长给我们介绍房间里各种仪表的用途,如何开采海底矿藏,如何发电,如何提供空气,又介绍一只小艇的用途,还带我参观了厨房。

13、几组数字:尼摩艇长向我介绍潜水艇的概况、构造、动力、发光、建造过程等。

14、黑潮:海底探险旅行正式开始。潜艇在海面以下五十米深处穿越黑水流。我和两位同伴尽情观赏形态美丽、活泼可爱的鱼儿。

15、一封邀请信:尼摩艇长给我一封邀请信,请我到海底森林打猎。

16、漫步海底平原:我和孔塞伊穿上防水衣服随尼摩艇长漫步海底平原,欣赏海洋奇物。

17、海底森林:我们来到海底森林。仔细观察海底生物。还在海底睡了几个钟头。来到克雷斯波岛的海底绝壁,遇到巨形海蜘蛛,打到一只海獭,躲过了角鲨的侵袭。

18、太平洋下四千米:潜艇在太平洋下穿行,令人大开眼界。一天,看到一条沉船,凄惨的海难情景令人惊悚。

19、瓦尼可罗群岛:尼摩艇长从瓦尼可罗群岛海底遗物中揭开在十八世纪末两艘法国探险船只失踪的真相。

20、托雷斯海峡:潜艇经由地球上最危险的海峡——托雷斯海峡前往印度洋,中途触礁搁浅。经艇长同意,我和两位同伴坐小艇上格波罗阿尔岛去。

21、陆上几日:我和两位伙伴一起上小岛采摘野果、狩猎,捉到一只被豆蔻汁给迷醉的极乐鸟。

22、尼摩艇长的闪电:土著的巴布亚人发现了我们,他们追赶到沙滩,后来还划来独木舟围住鹦鹉螺号,企图向我们发起进攻。尼摩艇长将电通到艇外壳,土著人触电后吓得魂飞魄散退走了。鹦鹉螺号被涨起来的海潮托起,离开了珊瑚石床,时间正如艇长所预料的分毫不差。

23、强制性睡眠:潜艇在印度洋行驶。尼摩艇长对不同深度的海水温度进行测量,发现水下一千米以下的海水是恒温的。我们目睹了有趣的一幕:海面上磷光闪烁,把大海照得如同白昼,原来是一些小水母球发光造成的。有一天,尼摩艇长突然下令将我们关起来,并强制我们睡眠。

24、珊瑚王国:第二天,艇长带我们来到五彩缤纷的珊瑚王国,把一位因伤而死的艇员安葬在珊瑚墓园里。

25、印度洋:鹦鹉螺号在印度洋穿行,我们看到了基灵岛,看到了“船蛸”,在孟加拉湾漂浮着无数的尸体,还看到了一望无垠的“牛奶海”。

26、尼摩艇长的新建议:艇长给我们介绍原始的采珠法,采珠人悲惨的生活,建议我们参观锡兰岛的采珠场。

27、一颗价值千万的珍珠:艇长带我们观看一颗大如椰子的珍珠。一个采珠人正辛苦地采珠,突然一头大鲨鱼向他发起进攻,艇长舍身相救,与巨鲨展开殊死搏斗。正当艇长危在旦夕时,内德.兰德一叉刺中鲨鱼要害。艇长把采珠人救到小船上,并赠送一袋小珍珠。

28、红海:鹦鹉螺号在红海上劈波斩浪。尼摩艇长跟我介绍红海得名的原因和他发现从红海通往地中海的地下通道“阿拉伯隧道”的经过。

29、阿拉伯隧道:尼德兰在红海上用捕鲸叉勇敢地击杀庞大的儒艮。尼摩艇长亲自指挥,潜水艇顺利穿过苏伊士地峡。

30、希腊群岛:尼摩艇长把大量的黄金赠送给一个潜水员。鹦鹉螺号来到桑多林岛附近,我目睹了海底火山喷发的壮观奇景。

31、地中海上的四十八小时:鹦鹉螺号在地中海底穿行,我看到许多的遇难船只的残骸静卧在那里,惨不忍睹。

32、维哥湾:潜艇正沿着葡萄牙海岸行驶,内德.兰德做好了潜逃的准备,敦促我逃跑,我心里很矛盾,很不安。潜艇在维哥湾停了下来,艇长给我讲述1702年西班牙船只被英国海军战败沉没的历史,他命令艇员潜水搬取当年沉船上数不尽的金银珍宝。

33、失踪的大陆:潜艇背向欧洲驶去,离大陆越来越远,我们失去了一次逃跑的机会。尼摩艇长带我在夜间到三百米深的大西洋底去参观柏拉图笔下的大西洋城——亚特兰蒂斯。

34、海底煤矿:潜艇来到一个已经熄灭了的火山中心取燃料,我和同伴出去游览了一通。

35、马尾藻海:潜艇来到马尾藻海。下潜到海底一万六千米的深度竟安然无恙。

36、抹香鲸和长须鲸:鹦鹉螺号驶向南大西洋海域,海面上出现了一群长须鲸,捕鲸手内德.兰德向艇长请求让他去捕杀,却被艇长劝住了。艇长说,人类不应该滥杀这种善良无害的动物。不一会儿,来了一大群长须鲸的天敌——抹香鲸,鹦鹉螺号为了保护长须鲸狠狠地冲杀抹香鲸。

37、大冰盖:鹦鹉螺号开往终年积雪结冰的南极圈,冲撞大冰盖,浮出水面。

38、南极:我和尼摩艇长登上南极大陆,观察到南极特有的美丽景观。

39、大事故还是小插曲:潜艇在驶离南极时,被一大块倒下来的冰块砸到了,潜艇一时找不到出路,陷入困境。

40、缺氧:潜艇四周都围着厚厚的冰墙。艇长镇定自若地指挥大家轮班开凿冰墙,喷射开水阻止新的结冰。艇内极度缺氧,但秩序井然。经过共同努力,潜艇终于冲出冰墙,冲破冰原,呼吸到了新鲜的空气。

41、从合恩角到亚马逊河:潜艇从大西洋往北,沿着南美洲的曲折海岸行驶,在亚马逊河口,我们用印颈鱼作饵来钓海龟。

42、章鱼:潜艇来到留卡斯群岛附近,突然围上一群大章鱼。章鱼缠住螺旋桨,潜艇动弹不得。在艇顶平台上,人和章鱼展开了激烈的搏斗。在生死关头,尼摩艇长挺身而出救下了处于死亡边沿的内德.兰德。

43、墨西哥湾暖流:尼摩艇长为在人鱼大战中牺牲的艇员而哀伤。鹦鹉螺号继续向北,航行在墨西哥湾暖流上。艇长将自己的研究总结用几种不同的语言写成,签上名字,装进一只容器中扔进大海,希望能为人类所得。我向他提出离开潜艇的要求遭到拒绝。暴风雨来临,艇长站在艇顶迎接风浪,岿然不动。

44、北纬47°24′,西经17°28′:尼摩艇长潜入海底凭吊英勇不屈的复仇者号。

45、大屠杀:一艘战舰向潜艇发起攻击,经过几番周旋,潜艇将战舰撞沉,艇长获得了一份复仇的快感。

46、尼摩艇长最后的话:我逃离潜艇前听到他正在静静地忏悔;我们三人利用附在潜艇上的小艇逃跑,可恰在此时,潜艇被卷入了大旋流中,我们的小艇也难逃厄运。

47、尾声:我和两个同伴被罗佛丹群岛的渔民救起。尼摩艇长及其鹦鹉螺号一起下落不明。

范文三:《海底两万里》内容简介

《海底两万里》内容简介

一、小说名片

《海底两万里》是法国著名作家儒勒·凡尔纳的作品,是“凡尔纳三部曲”的第二部。书中主要讲述了生物学家阿龙纳斯随“鹦鹉螺号”潜水艇艇长尼摩及两位同伴一起周游海底的故事。

二、内容梗概

小说故事并不复杂:主要讲述“鹦鹉螺号”(或译为“诺第留斯号”)的故事。1866年,当时海上发现了一只被断定为独角鲸的大怪物,阿龙纳斯接受邀请参加追捕,在追捕过程中不幸落水,泅到怪物的脊背上。其实这怪物并非什么独角鲸,而是一艘构造奇妙的潜水船。潜水船是船长尼摩在大洋中的一座荒岛上秘密建造的,船身坚固,利用海洋发电。尼摩船长邀请阿龙纳斯作海底旅行。他们从太平洋出发,经过珊瑚岛、印度洋、红海、地中海,进入大西洋,看到许多罕见的海生动植物和水中的奇异景象,又经历了搁浅、土人围攻、同鲨鱼搏斗、冰山封路、章鱼袭击等许多险情。最后,当潜水船到达挪威海岸时,阿龙纳斯不辞而别,把他所知道的海底秘密公布于世。

在《海底两万里》中,尼摩船长是个不明国籍的神秘人物,他在荒岛上秘密建造的这艘潜艇不仅异常坚固,而且结构巧妙,能够利用海洋来提供能源。他们依靠海洋中的各种动植物来生活。潜艇艇长对战俘倒也优待;只是为了保守自己的秘密,潜艇艇长尼摩不允许他们离开。阿龙纳斯一行人别无选择,只能跟着潜水艇周游各大洋。

在旅途中,阿龙纳斯一行人遇到了无数美景,同时也经历了许多惊险奇遇,例如: 在巴布亚新几内亚他们的船搁浅了,遇到当地土著人的攻击,尼摩船长用他连接在金属梯子上的闪电挡住土著人进入鹦鹉螺号;在印度洋的珠场和鲨鱼展开过搏斗,捕鲸手尼德·兰手刃了一条凶恶的巨鲨;在南极他们被困在厚厚的冰下,船上极度缺氧,但船上所有人轮流用工具和开水把底部厚10米的冰层砸开,逃到大海;在大西洋鹦鹉螺号被章鱼所困扰,他们拿斧头和章鱼展开肉搏战,一名船员惨死;在北大西洋鹦鹉螺号遇到一艘英国驱逐舰(这艘驱逐舰的国籍在原文中并未说明,在《神秘岛》中才说明是英国的)的炮轰,除那三位俘虏外个个义愤填膺,用鹦鹉螺号的冲角把驱逐舰击沉。他们眼中的海底,时而景色优美、令人陶醉,时而险象丛生、千钧一发。通过一系列奇怪的事情,阿龙纳斯终于了解到神秘的尼摩船长仍与大陆保持联系,用海底沉船里的千百万金银来支援陆地上人们的正义斗争。

三、作品评价

《海底两万里》是一部科幻小说,是凡尔纳三部曲的第二部(第一部是《格兰特船长的儿女》第三部是《神秘岛》)。它于1869年3月20日开始在法国《教育与娱乐杂志》连载,暨今已有140多年的历史,而仍能以多种文字的各种版本风行世界,广有读者,仅此一端,即可见其生命力之强,吸引力之大。主张书不及百岁不看的读者,是大可放心一阅的。书中人物寥寥无几,仅有尼摩船长、阿龙纳斯、尼德·兰、康塞尔,但却被作者写的如此精彩;内景只是一艘潜水艇。但就是这么几个人,这么一艘潜水艇,一个神秘的船长尼摩,在各种探险历程中,在将近一年的时间中,纵横海底两万里,为我们演绎出一个个故事,展现出一幅幅惊险刺激画面,海底墓地,珊瑚谷,巨型章鱼„„描述了他们周游各大洋的冒险经历,故事曲折惊险,引人入胜,画面多姿多彩,气象万千。这样一部小说,读来既使人赏心悦目,也令人惊心动魄。令人永生难忘,不愧为一部世界名著。

练习

1、《海底两万里》是法国生物学家凡尔纳的三部曲之一,他的另两部作品是 、( )。

2、《海底两万里》主要讲述()号潜艇的故事。凡尔纳的小说之所以拥有广大的读者,原因在于 ,小说广为流传,还因为他具有 凡尔纳被公认为是“ ”。

3、的战士,这一形象正是凡尔纳

4、《海底两万里》的作者是,《海底两万里》的作者是国人。

5、阿龙纳斯的仆人叫故事中,阿龙纳斯曾经在法国出版过的一部书叫,“鱼叉手之王”指的是 。

6、鲸鱼用《海底两万里》中的潜艇叫。

7、潜艇的主人是,他会说种语言,分别是

8、潜艇上的人睡的床是用材料做的, 潜艇上的人穿的衣服是用上的人用来写字的笔是用 做成的。潜艇上的人用的墨水是用 做的。

9、 鹦鹉螺号上的藏书量有 鹦鹉螺号的造价是万法郎。

10、请举例说出海底的三种植物。

11、凡尔纳的作品形象夸张地反映了19世纪“ ”人们征服自然,改造世界的意志和幻想,并成为 现代小说的先河,我国的科幻小说大多也受到他作品的启发和影响。

12、《海底两万里》书中人物寥寥,有名有姓的只有四个半。即: 船长 、自然科学家 、仆人 、捕鲸手 ,“亚伯拉罕•林肯”号驱逐舰舰长 ,只在小说开头部分昙花一现,姑且算半个。

参考答案:

1、《海底两万里》《格兰特船长的女儿》)、(《神秘岛》)。

2、(诺第留斯)(构思巧妙、情节惊险)(科学与幻想巧妙结合的成果),(现代科学幻想小说之父)”。

3、(尼摩船长)(反抗压迫)(反对殖民主义、反对奴隶制和压迫者的进步思想)

4、(儒勒•凡尔纳),(法)

5、(康塞尔)(《海底的秘密》),(尼德•兰)。

6、(肺)(鹦鹉螺号)。

7、(尼摩船长),(四)(法、德、英、拉丁)。

8(大叶藻)(贝壳类的足丝)(鲸的触须)(墨鱼或乌贼的分泌物)

9、(12000)册,(200)

10、(裙带菜、海带、紫菜、石花菜、石花菜、鹅掌菜)

11、 “机器时代” 西方和日本 科幻

12、尼莫、 阿龙纳斯、 康塞尔、 尼德•兰, 法拉格特,

范文四:海底两万里内容简介

《海底两万里》内容简介

1866年,在海上发现了一头被认为是独角鲸的大怪物。法国生物学家阿龙纳斯应邀参加追捕。追捕过程中,阿龙纳斯、他的仆人康塞尔和捕鲸手尼德•兰三人,发现这怪物不是什么独角鲸,而是一艘构造奇妙的潜艇。 潜艇船长尼摩,是个不明国籍、自称“跟整个人类断绝了关系”的神秘人物,身材高大,神情自信、坚毅。尼摩邀请阿龙纳斯参观了这艘令人惊叹的现代工业的杰作—一诺第留斯号;它利用海浪发电,供给船上热、光、动力;它所需的一切都取自海洋。它是尼摩在大洋中的一个荒岛上秘密建造起来的。

阿龙纳斯及其同伴乘诺第留斯号,从太平洋出发,

龙纳斯及其同伴们禁闭在小房间里,并强迫他们人睡。翌日,阿龙纳斯醒来,尼摩船长请他治疗一个身受重伤的船员。船员不治身死。尼摩船长哀痛地带着送葬队伍,把死者埋在海底光彩夺目、瑰丽无比的珊瑚树林里。他说:在这里,珊瑚虫会把死者永远封闭起来,不受鲨鱼

兰迅速投出利叉,击中鲨鱼的心脏。船长救起那个穷苦的采珠人,又从自己口袋里取出一包珍珠送给他。由此,阿龙纳斯感到在尼摩身上有两点值得注意:一是他无比勇敢,二是他对人类的牺牲精神。看来,这个古怪的人还没有完全斩断他爱人类的感情。

从红海到地中海,若走好望角,需绕行非洲一周。但尼摩船长沿着他所发现的一条阿拉伯海底通道潜行,不到二十分钟,就通过苏伊土地峡,到达地中海。书中写道:诺第留斯在沿着又黑又深海底地道直冲过去。随着地道的斜坡,潜艇像箭一般随急流而下。地道两边狭窄的高墙上,只见飞奔的速度在电光下所画出的辉煌纹路,笔直成条。令我们心跳不止。

潜艇向康地岛驶去。这时,又发生了一件蹊跷事:

纳斯于是明白了尼摩船长那次途经康地岛时送出去的数百万金子是给谁的。

在大西洋海底,阿龙纳斯随尼摩船长去做了一次新奇旅行;他们脚踩在沉没了的大陆——一一座大西洋洲的山峰上,观赏一座火山的海底喷火口喷出硫磺火石的奇景。眺望山脚下一座破坏了的城市—一整个沉没水底的庞贝城。书中描述传说中的海底古城:

远处是一座火山。山峰下面,在一般的石头和渣滓中间,一个阔大的喷火口吐出硫磺火石的急流,四散为火的瀑布,没入海水里,照着海底下的平原,一直到远方的尽头,我的眼下是一座破坏了的城市,倒塌的房屋,破损零散的拱门,倒在地上的石柱。远一点,是一些小型工程的废墟。更远一些,有一道道倒塌下来的城墙,

宽阔无人的大陆,整个水下淹没的庞贝城,现在都复活过来,出现在我眼前了。 然后,诺第留斯号大胆向南极进发,潜艇航行在成群的鲸鱼中间。尼德•兰要求追打鲸鱼。尼摩部长不同意伤害这些善良无害的长须鲸。当海面上出现残酷的大头鲸向长须鲸进攻时,尼摩船长决定援救长须鲸。诺第留斯号用它那钢制的冲角,直穿大头鲸。经过一场恶斗,海上满浮着大头鲸的尸体。穿过南极点后,潜艇又历经冰山封路、章鱼袭击等险情,都是尼摩船长以惊人的冷静和毅力,带领船员战胜了困难。

最后,潜艇驶过被称为风暴之王的大西洋暖流,来到了一艘法国爱国战舰沉没的地点。尼摩满怀激情地讲述了这艘“复仇号”战舰的历史。这引起阿龙纳斯的注意,把尼摩船长和他的同伴们关闭在诺第留斯号船壳中,并不是一种普通的愤世情绪,而是一种非常崇高的仇恨。那一夜在印度洋上,它不是攻击了某些船只吗?那个葬在珊瑚墓地的人,不正是诺第留斯号引起的冲突的牺牲者吗?而在所有的海面上,人们也正在追逐这可怕的毁灭性机器!

当诺第留斯号慢慢回到海面上来时,便有爆炸声发出:有艘战舰正向诺第留斯号发动攻击。尼摩船长决心把它击沉。阿龙纳斯试图劝阻,但船长说:“我是被压迫,瞧,那就是压迫者!由于他,所有一切我热爱过的,尊敬过的,祖国、父母、爱人、子女他们全死亡了!所有我仇恨的一切,就在那里!”

诺第留斯号故意让敌人接近,再在推进器的强大推动下,用那厉害的冲角对准战舰浮标线以下的薄弱部位,从它身上横穿过去!瞬间,战舰船壳裂开,继而发生爆炸,迅速下沉。它的桅樯架满挤着遇难人。然后,那黑沉沉的巨体没入水中,跟它一起,这群死尸统统被强大无比的漩涡卷走„„

阿龙纳斯目睹这场惨景,对尼摩船长极端厌恶:“虽然他从别的方面可能受过很大的痛苦,但他没有权利来做这样残酷的报复。”阿龙纳斯在船上听到了尼摩船长的最后几句话:“全能的上帝!够了!够了!” 在挪威沿岸一带的危险海域中,阿龙纳斯和尼德•兰、康塞尔,乘坐小艇脱离了诺第留斯号,结束了这次穿过太平洋、印度洋、红海、地中海、南北两极海洋的海底两万里环球旅行。阿龙纳斯希望:“如果尼摩船长老是居住在他所选择的海洋中,但愿所有仇恨都在这颗倔强的心中平息!„„但愿他这个高明的学者继续做和平的探工作!”

尼摩船长本是印度的达卡王子。10岁时,他的父亲把他送往欧洲去接受教育,准备将来接替王位。达卡王子天资聪明,从10岁到30岁,他积累了各方面的知识,在科学、文学和艺术领域更具有杰出的才华。

1849年,达卡王子回到自己的祖国。他娶了一个印度的贵族女郎为妻。他们一共生了两个孩子,夫妻俩非常喜爱他们。

和其他被奴役的印度人一样,达卡王子是一位爱国者。他热爱自己的祖国,仇恨奴役压榨印度的英国殖民者。1857年,达卡王子组织了几次大规模的反殖民抵抗运动。在每一次激烈的战斗中,他总是身先士卒,站在战斗的最前列。为此,达卡王子赢得了广大印度人民的拥护和爱戴。英国殖民者对他恨之入骨,千方百计想杀害他。为了躲避敌人,他不得不逃离祖国。然而他的妻子和儿女,却被敌人残酷的杀害了。

达卡王子对敌人充满仇恨,他带着自己剩余的财产和忠于他的一群伙伴,在某一天忽然失踪了。从此,世界上再也没有达卡王子。他已经对人类的一切产生厌恶,对文明世界的一切不公平充满敌意。他发誓永远不再回到自己的祖国。他要在人们无法追踪他的地方,在海洋的深处,建立自己永久的栖身之地。

达卡王子在太平洋的一个荒岛上建立了一个造船厂。凭借雄厚的经济实力和超人的智慧,他亲自设计建造了一艘举世无双的潜水艇。在这之后,他一把火烧掉了这个荒岛。他用海水中的钠,这样一种独特的发明——达卡王子预言人类以后将会实现——制造出了万能的电力。有了电力,他的潜水艇就有了永不枯竭的动力。海洋深处埋藏着取之不尽的宝藏,为他的所有活动提供了充足的财源和物资。从此,他自称尼摩船长,他把他的潜艇命名为诺第留斯号(又译,鹦鹉螺号),神不知鬼不觉地将它隐藏在海洋深处 。他是个善良的人

范文五:海底两万里内容简介

《海底两万里》内容简介

一、 作者简介

儒勒•凡尔纳19世纪法国作家,被誉为“科学幻想小说的鼻祖”,代表作为三部曲《格兰特船长的儿女》、《海底两万里》、《神秘岛》。主要作品还有《气球上的五星期》、《地心游记》、《机器岛》、《漂逝的半岛》、《八十天环游地球》等20多部长篇科幻历险小说。 凡尔纳的作品形象夸张地反映了19世纪“机器时代”人们征服自然,改造世界的意志和幻想,并成为西方和日本现代科幻小说的先河,我国的科幻小说大多也受到他作品的启发和影响。 凡尔纳的作品情节惊险,人物生动,熔知识性、趣味性、创造性于一炉,他提出自然科学方面的许多预言和假设,至今还启发着人们的想象力。

二、内容简介

1866年,在海上发现了一头被认为是独角鲸的大怪物。法国生物学家阿龙纳斯应邀参加追捕。追捕过程中,阿龙纳斯、他的仆人康塞尔和捕鲸叉手尼德•兰三人,发现这怪物不是什么独角鲸,而是一艘构造奇妙的潜艇。潜艇船长尼摩,是个不明国籍、自称“跟整个人类断绝了关系”的神秘人物,身材高大,神情自信、坚毅。尼摩邀请阿龙纳斯参观了这艘令人惊叹的现代工业的杰作—一诺第留斯号。阿龙纳斯及其同伴乘诺第留斯号,从太平洋出发,开始了海底探险旅行。他们观察着空中飞鸟般的各种鱼类,形形色色的节肢动物、软体动物,研究着。途经克利斯波岛,潜艇停在海底,他们穿上潜水衣,漫步在

海底平原上,用特制的步枪在海底森林里打猎。尔后,潜艇经历了搁浅、土人围攻等危险,安然驶向印度洋。这时发生了一件离奇的事。尼摩船长从海面上望见了什么,突然充满了愤怒和仇恨。他粗暴地把阿龙纳斯及其同伴们禁闭在小房间里,并强迫他们人睡。翌日,阿龙纳斯醒来,尼摩船长请他治疗一个身受重伤的船员。船员不治身死。尼摩船长哀痛地带着送葬队伍,把死者埋在海底光彩夺目、瑰丽无比的珊瑚树林里。印度半岛南端的锡兰岛在面前了。阿龙纳斯接受尼摩船长的建议,步行到海底采珠场。忽然,有条巨鲨向采珠人扑来。尼摩船长手拿短刀,挺身跟鲨鱼搏斗。在尼摩船长被鲨鱼的巨大躯体所压倒,危在旦夕对,尼德•兰迅速投出利叉,击中鲨鱼的心脏。船长救起那个穷苦的采珠人,又从自己口袋里取出一包珍珠送给他。由此,阿龙纳斯感到在尼摩身上有两点值得注意:一是他无比勇敢,二是他对人类的牺牲精神。从红海到地中海,若走好望角,需绕行非洲一周。但尼摩船长沿着他所发现的一条阿拉伯海底通道潜行,不到二十分钟,就通过苏伊土地峡,到达地中海。最后,当潜艇到达挪威海岸时,阿龙纳斯不辞而别,把他所知道的海底秘密公布于世。

范文六:茅山仙法内容简介

茅仙教山法内符简容介

一、符

门法一部基本第内:容

)一山法力提茅高秘符:共

63道金玉:主符要用带功、练功和于高法力提

(二。茅山天)医:法内含20道医多病符的。咒1、止痛

去消肿法痛:止血止痛,、肿治病消。2、茅

雪山术:山退热除燥。、时同以用于可法试即,开、油水锅中取。物

3、气吹治病法:局部治病。符

、化骨吞4术:签诸治物卡喉咽和疾病喉。等

、5治痛骨符:主灵骨痛。

6治、治行五不符:治调体疗内行不五调疾病的。

7治内病符、治:科内疾病。

8华、佗治病咒:主符应用要接于骨治风湿。

9、和精治病神符应:用治于疗因阴因性果关而导致系精神病。的

10、治孩夜小符哭主治:婴儿段的小孩阶长间异时夜哭。常

1、治阴阳1疮咒:符治一切疮疾科。病1

、2治眼符:治病眼科病。疾1

、3头治符痛:头痛。治

14、保符胎:专治流常产的妇女疾病,能到起保护儿至降胎。生

15、生催符咒未:常正产使临。用

1、大6九龙水治诸物:卡和咽喉疾病喉

等17、打跌内急伤法救18、十二

辰时打脉点诀和秘解药方救1

、茅9安山法神

(三)茅

山身护绝技

1、金玉女法:用童防身,保持2于4小时自的封自动防状护。态

2护、符法:修身练自身者保护防一,切邪法入。侵

3寄、、放命法生:危险办事前用之可保命,。4、封砖石

法练:习抗硬功。

5打、封针棍刀法练习抗打:硬。

6功茅山、铜法:时辰点穴功人法

、7皮铁骨神功铜

8、神:拳武:功术

(四茅山)人制绝技1、

点打:用于大点恶闭人的血脉。

、反闭打3把:方的对击攻力反转回方身对上。

、4手神功:单、箭手箭双主,应用要于距远制离人

。5五雷、:制人掌破,,该法法威凌厉。猛6、隔

五山掌雷法:要主应用远于距离制,人同可以时用应治。病

(五)

实用济世技

尘包大含概02种多体具用如:运

请神财开 光 合法 和五雷煞法 化解降法 生意经 助法运居 室良调不法整驱 降邪法 风魔化水法 煞算卜 查阴阳法法 事超法 渡阴还法债等、等、、、、、

六)法坛置秘诀设谢及师的般一序程

主介绍法要 坛设的置法和方术技;详介细绍坛敬师立时请师谢师、、师送一程序般相和关咒符。

七注)意事:项

主介绍要修习法的本注事项。意

谈简茅仙法之山教过

月影剑之

教,过茅山神功中是占有在很重位的地。过之教后,神弟子立马拥有功特殊的能,力做能出些一平做日出不的来,比如事拳,抗打,打神砖吞签等,。等

神,功不是在上街一买本两就符可学以到的。功是十神重视分传承,的果没有传承如,你给

一本符书也就一本资是而已料你无,法用应因为,你缺了少符的关用窍现。在,大街上在、网上常可以易找轻一到些书,符有的是的真,有的假是,的还有一是属些绝于、贫法法法术,的用了会引烧身火而且没,过经那贫些、绝法法的过教仪式,自擅使用,果后堪设想不。只有得有传到的承父师给你教,得过真到传才,用好法能,术否难则如登。

想成一名神为弟功子,首要先教过要。过教想先,先要找到位一父师拜并为师他。而法不然轻传,所拜师,以也有是一过个程的并不是,你去找师,父父就师收你。这期间我也经历过些波一,其中折一故事些不就了说。

当师父同收意你徒弟,为表就你可以示教入。之后,师了定好父子后,便日可在所选以定的子日去正式师拜,并进行比神较的秘过仪教,成式为名一茅山法仙教大的弟子。

下面我来谈谈教过的些一过程。吧

首先

要准备好牲,三,果,糖等一酒系东西,列这过是需教的一要些供和品礼金而三牲的选择和购。买也,有特殊是要求的的,比猪如肉如何买不能,怎要样鱼,要的样的怎鸡具体的师父会告。你怎么做。诉

过教

前师父首先会让你,净,身将三牲并备准并,准备法本等。

切一准备好,过后仪教式正式开始。父首先师念咒上香,开印,请仙,到师场之后。会让你念还一遍文疏念,完文后,就疏开始进行封身。

身封,时弟子只穿底,裤而女弟可以不子衣脱。服弟按子师的指父示站后好师父,亲便或让让自已师出的门同入教给弟封身子,父师在弟会身上画子特上殊符的号,并做一手续些,封身好后就。为一成茅山名仙法教大弟的子。

封好后,师身父会你给教,讲解如何本法等等用之后,。是便功,有试师父的当是天弟子试让功,有的师是父3天过后。功试般一是砖,试功的目的主打要弟让感子受到力法,增强并弟的信心。神子功不同武功神功,一过是便得教只要按,规做事,一矩得得。

永之

后还,有个一94的练法天程,并有一些每天过做的必手。4续天9后,就能更运用好了。

其中

少东西不去略谈,见不谅!

Q:Q3988215780

范文七:呼啸山庄英文内容简介

呼啸山庄英文内容简介

Wuthering Heights Wuthering Heights is Emily Brontë's only novel. It was first published in 1847 under the pseudonym Ellis Bell, and a posthumous second edition was edited by her sister Charlotte. The name of the novel comes from the Yorkshire manor on the moors on which the story centres (as an adjective, wuthering is a Yorkshire word referring to turbulent weather). The narrative tells the tale of the all-encompassing and passionate, yet thwarted, love between Heathcliff and Catherine Earnshaw, and how this unresolved passion eventually destroys them and many around them. Now considered a classic of English literature, Wuthering Heights' innovative structure, which has been likened to a series of Matryoshka dolls,[citation needed] met with mixed reviews by critics when it first appeared, with many horrified by the stark depictions of mental and physical cruelty.[1][2] Though Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre was originally considered the best of the Brontë sisters' works, many subsequent critics of Wuthering Heights argued that its originality and achievement made it superior.[3] Wuthering Heights has also given rise to many adaptations and inspired works, including films, radio, television dramatisations, a

musical by Bernard J. Taylor and songs (notably the hit Wuthering Heights by Kate Bush), ballet and opera. Contents1 Plot summary 2 Characters 3 Timeline 4 Local background 5 Literary allusions 5.1 Gothic and supernatural elements 6 Allusions/references in literature 7 Film, TV or theatrical adaptations 7.1 New versions 8 Musical allusions and adaptations 8.1 Opera 8.2 Other 9 References 10 External links Plot summary The narrative is non-linear, involving several flashbacks, and involves two narrators - Mr. Lockwood and Ellen

and raised as his own. Ellen comments casually that Heathcliff might have been descended from Indian or Chinese origins[4]. He is often described as

Some time later, Heathcliff returns, intent on destroying those who prevent him from being with Catherine. He has, mysteriously, become very wealthy. Through loans he has made to the drunken and dissipated Hindley that Hindley cannot repay, he takes ownership of Wuthering Heights upon Hindley's death. Intent on ruining Edgar, Heathcliff elopes with Edgar's sister Isabella, which places him in a position to inherit Thrushcross Grange upon Edgar's death. Catherine becomes very ill after Heathcliff's return and dies a few hours after giving birth to a daughter also named Catherine, or Cathy. Heathcliff becomes only more bitter and vengeful. Isabella flees her abusive marriage a month later, and subsequently gives birth to a boy, Linton. At around the same time, Hindley dies. Heathcliff takes ownership of Wuthering Heights, and vows to raise Hindley's son Hareton with as much neglect as he had suffered at Hindley's hands years earlier. Twelve years later, the dying Isabella asks Edgar to raise her and Heathcliff's son, Linton. However, Heathcliff finds out about this and takes the sickly, spoiled child to Wuthering Heights. Heathcliff has nothing but contempt for his son, but delights in the idea of him ruling the property of his enemies. To that end, a few years later, Heathcliff

attempts to persuade young Cathy to marry Linton. Cathy refuses, so Heathcliff kidnaps her and forces the two to marry. Soon after, Edgar Linton dies, followed shortly by Linton Heathcliff. This leaves Cathy a widow and a virtual prisoner at Wuthering Heights, as Heathcliff has gained complete control of both Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange. It is at this point in the narrative that Lockwood arrives, taking possession of Thrushcross Grange, and hearing Nelly Dean's story. Shocked, Lockwood leaves for London. During his absence from the area, however, events reach a climax that Nelly describes when he returns a year later. Cathy gradually softens toward her rough, uneducated cousin Hareton, just as her mother was tender towards Heathcliff. When Heathcliff is confronted by Cathy and Hareton's love, notably Hareton's determination to protect the defiant Cathy from Heathcliff's attack, he seems to suffer a mental break from reality and sees Catherine's ghost. He abandons his life-long vendetta and dies broken and tormented, but glad to be rejoining Catherine. Cathy and Hareton marry. Heathcliff is buried next to Catherine (the elder), and the story concludes with Lockwood visiting the grave, unsure of what to feel. Characters Heathcliff is the central male character of the

novel. A foundling raised by the Earnshaw family, he forms a bond with his foster sister Catherine Earnshaw and they share a passionate love, but it is founded on their sameness, of being different halves of the same soul, rather than just a romance or some physical attraction. Meanwhile he nurses a bitter rivalry with his foster brother Hindley, who resents the partiality his father shows Heathcliff and is cruel to him after his father's death. The only time he truly showed love or emotion was when it had to do with Cathy. He runs away from the heights when he is approximately sixteen (his age is unknown but he looks slightly older than Cathy) and returns three years later, having mysteriously made his fortune, education and refinement. He is a brooding, vindictive man, and his anger and bitterness at Catherine's later marriage to their neighbor Edgar Linton sees him engage in a ruthless vendetta to destroy not only his enemies but their heirs, a crusade that only intensifies upon Catherine's death. Catherine Earnshaw is Heathcliff's foster sister. She has dark brown eyes which are characteristic of her family. A free-spirited, wild, passionate, and somewhat spoiled young woman, she returns Heathcliff's love entirely, but because Heathcliff had been made so low that if she married them they

would become beggars, instead she chooses another, Edgar Linton, through which marriage she hopes to help Heathcliff and bring him back to the standing he would have had. Heathcliff leaves the Heights after overhearing that it would degrade her to marry him, and because of this she throws herself into a violent fit and is ill for a while. When Edgar asks her to marry him she is about fifteen; they are married three years after Edgar's father's death when she is about eighteen, presumably when Edgar comes into his inheritance. When Heathcliff returns after those same three years she renews their friendship, which makes Edgar unhappy. Always on the edge of madness, her physical and mental health are destroyed by the feud between them, and she descends into prophetic madness before dying in an angelic state shortly after childbirth at about nineteen. Edgar Linton is a childhood friend of Catherine Earnshaw's who later marries her. His fair appearance, blonde hair and blue eyes, contrasts with Heathcliff's dark appearance. A mild and gentle man, if slightly cowardly and distant, he loves Catherine deeply but is unable to reconcile his love for her with her feelings for her childhood friend Heathcliff. This leads to a bitter antagonism with Heathcliff, and it is partly this which leads to Catherine's

breakdown. He is well-mannered and gentlemanly but always remains something of a spoiled child. He is too afraid to fight Heathcliff and shows fear at the prospect, earning both Cathy's scorn and solidifying Heathcliff's contempt. Linton is incapable of competing with Heathcliff's guile and ruthless determination across the decades, and his health fails him while still a relatively young man. Isabella Linton is the younger sister of Edgar who becomes infatuated with Heathcliff. She fundamentally mistakes his true nature and elopes with him despite his apparent dislike of her. Her love for him turns to hatred almost immediately, as she is ill treated both physically and emotionally and held captive against her will. When Heathcliff returns from the Grange after Cathy's death she taunts him and he responds by trying to attack her, but Hindley interferes and she escapes the Heights. She leaves for London after visiting Nelly at the Grange and gives birth to their son Linton Heathcliff about seven months later, whom she attempts to raise away from Heathcliff's corrupting influence. Hindley Earnshaw is Catherine's brother and Heathcliff's other rival. Having loathed Heathcliff since childhood, Hindley delights in turning him into a rough servant upon inheriting Wuthering

Heights, making him work the fields. However, his wife's death from consumption destroys him; he becomes a self-destructive alcoholic and gambler and it is this that allows Heathcliff, upon returning to Wuthering Heights, to turn the tables and to buy the mortgage to Wuthering Heights which Hindley created because of his gambling debts, and to become its owner. Northern Yorkshire. In the foreground heaths. Ellen (Nelly) Dean is, at various points, the housekeeper of both Thrushcross Grange and Wuthering Heights, and is the primary narrator of the novel, told through M. Lockwood's journal entries. She is Hindley's, Heathcliff's and Cathy's foster-sister and servant, and is the same age as Hindley, seven years older than Cathy. Heathcliff genuinely likes her and is always glad to see her. She recognizes early on that Heathcliff is Catherine's true love and tries to dissuade her from the disastrous marriage to Edgar. Having been a disapproving witness and unwilling participant to many of the events between Heathcliff and both the Earnshaw and Linton families for much of her life, she narrates the story to Lockwood during his illness at the Grange. It is presumed that she never married as she keeps the name Dean throughout her life. It could be considered that she is the true hero of the story, and without

her many of the events in the story would never have taken place; however, she is not the primary protagonist. Linton Heathcliff is the son of Isabella and Heathcliff. He bears no physical resemblance to Heathcliff whatsoever and takes after his mother completely, with big soft blue eyes, fair golden hair, and slightly effeminate in appearance. However he has a certain petulance, cruelty and selfishness, and exploits his ill health to get attention from others. He is a sickly child who grows up ignorant of his father until his mother's death when he is thirteen years old. He is forced to live at Wuthering Heights and grows into a bullied, trembling shadow of his father. Heathcliff arranges for him to marry his cousin Catherine Linton so that he may inherit both the estates of Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange. He dies shortly after entering into the forced marriage. Catherine Linton is the daughter of Catherine Earnshaw and Edgar Linton. She inherits both her mother's free-spiritedness and dark eyes and her father's gentle nature, facial features and fair hair. Heathcliff takes advantage of her fundamental innocence and manipulates her into marrying his own son, Linton. She has a strong affection for Linton despite her father's and Nelly's attempts to keep her out of the reach of

Heathcliff's machinations, and never wavers in her friendship to him. Unaware of Linton's failing health, she is manipulated into traveling to the Heights, where Heathcliff forces her to remain and marry his son before she returns home to her father, who is dying as well. Once she has become a captive of Wuthering Heights Heathcliff resorts to the same torture he applies to everyone against whom he bears a grudge; he is also violent towards her and cannot stand to have her in the same room with him. As a result, she becomes harpyish and unfriendly. When Nelly is allowed to move to the Heights she helps Catherine return back to her true nature and kindness. She later falls in love with her cousin, Hareton Earnshaw. Hareton Earnshaw is the son of Hindley Earnshaw, who is adopted by Heathcliff upon Hindley's death. He is described as a handsome rustic with the dark Earnshaw eyes, and bears a likeness to his aunt and father. Heathcliff once saved his life; he caught him when Hindley accidentally drops him off the banister of the staircase; however he regretted the act. Heathcliff spitefully turns Hareton into an illiterate servant and has him work the fields, much as Hindley once did to him. Despite this, Hareton remains strangely loyal to him, and considers him his father. Quick tempered and easily

embarrassed, he falls in love with Catherine Linton early on, and despite her contempt for him is thus inspired to improve himself. He is the only person who mourns Heathcliff upon his death. Joseph is a servant of the Earnshaws and later Heathcliff. A bullying, lazy and snide man, he hates Heathcliff but is bound to serve Wuthering Heights and the sense of duty he feels to Hareton, who he calls the true master. Intensely religious, he is sanctimonious, self-righteous and largely held in contempt by those around him. He speaks in the traditional West Yorkshire dialect. This dialect was still used in the Haworth area up until the late 1970s, but there are now only portions of it still in common use.[5] Lockwood is the narrator of the novel. A newly-arrived tenant at Thrushcross Grange at the beginning of the novel, he is intrigued by the curious goings-on at Wuthering Heights, and persuades Nelly Dean to tell him the story of what happened during a bout of sickness. Lockwood is apparently a wealthy, relatively young man who comes to regret not approaching the younger Catherine Linton himself. Despite having a reserved manner and somewhat lofty ideals of himself, he is also a sensitive and romantic soul who is deeply affected by the saga of Heathcliff and Catherine. It is inferred that he

lives in London and returns there after his stay at the Grange. Frances Earnshaw is the wife that Hindley married while away at college. The fact that he did not tell his father suggests that Frances is not of high social standing. From her introduction she proves to be a kind woman to Nelly and Cathy but follows Hindley's example and dislikes Heathcliff. While Hareton is an infant she dies from consumption, or tuberculosis, a fate shared by most of the Brontë sisters. She had shown symptoms of her illness ever since Hindley brought her to Wuthering Heights, but at that time Nelly did not know what to make of her violent bloody coughs and fear of dying. Mr. Kenneth, the local doctor and drinking partner of Hindley. Kenneth often sees to the ill or dead characters: Cathy in her madnesses, Frances during childbirth and TB, Heathcliff and his early illness, Edgar's final hours, and Hindley's death. Nelly tells Heathcliff that he should send for Kenneth to tend to his ill son, but does not tell him that Heathcliff's death is suicide by starvation. He also reports to Nelly that he saw Isabella leaving with Heathcliff. Timeline 1757 Hindley born (Summer); Nelly born 1762 Edgar Linton born 1764 Heathcliff born 1765 Catherine Earnshaw born (Summer); Isabella Linton born (late 1765) 1771 Heathcliff is

brought to Wuthering Heights by Mr Earnshaw (late summer) 1773 Mrs Earnshaw dies (Spring) 1774 Hindley is sent off to college 1777 Hindley marries Frances; Mr Earnshaw dies (October); Hindley comes back (October); Heathcliff and Catherine visit Thrushcross Grange, Catherine remains behind (November), then returns to Wuthering Heights (Christmas Eve). 1778 Hareton is born (June); Frances dies 1780 Heathcliff runs away from Wuthering Heights; Mr and Mrs Linton both die 1783 Catherine marries Edgar (March); Heathcliff comes back (September) 1784 Heathcliff marries Isabella (February); Catherine dies and Cathy is born (20 March); Hindley dies; Linton is born (September) 1797 Isabella dies; Cathy visits Wuthering Heights and meets Hareton; Linton is brought to Thrushcross Grange and is then taken to Wuthering Heights 1800 Cathy meets Heathcliff and sees Linton again (20 March) 1801 Cathy and Linton are married (August); Edgar dies (August); Linton dies (September); Mr Lockwood goes to Thrushcross Grange and visits Wuthering Heights, beginning his narrative 1802 Mr Lockwood goes back to London (January); Heathcliff dies (April); Mr Lockwood comes back to Thrushcross Grange (September) 1803 Cathy plans to marry

Hareton (1 January) Local background Though tourists are often told that Top Withens, a ruined farmhouse, near the Haworth Parsonage (Bronte Parsonage Museum), is the model for Wuthering Heights, it seems more likely that the now demolished High Sunderland Hall, near Halifax was the partial model for the building. This Gothic edifice, near Law Hill, where Emily worked briefly as a schoolmistress in 1838, had grotesque embellishments of griffins and misshapen nude men similar to those described by Lockwood of Wuthering Heights in chapter one of the novel:

heath, detached from the literary movements of the time. However, Emily Brontë received literary training at the Pensionnat Héger in Brussels by imitating and analysing the styles of classic writers. She also learned German, and was able to read the German Romantics in the original. The work of Lord Byron was also admired by all three Brontë sisters. The brother-sister relationship between Heathcliff and Cathy is reminiscent of the brother-sister couples in Byron's epics. The character of Heathcliff is reminiscent of the Byronic hero. Gothic and supernatural elements The novel contains many Gothic and supernatural elements. The mystery of Heathcliff's parentage is never solved. All film interpretations have failed in accurately depicting Heathcliff's appearance; He is described as

as an 'imp of Satan' in chapter four. Near the end of the novel Nelly Dean wonders if Heathcliff is a ghoul or vampire, but then remembers how they grew up together and dismisses the thought. The awesome but unseen presence of Satan is also alluded to at several points in the novel, and it is noted in chapter three that 'no clergyman will undertake the duties of pastor' at the local chapel, which has fallen into dereliction. Heathcliff is constantly described as a devil or demon by many different characters throughout the course of the book. His wife, Isabella Linton, asks Nelly if Heathcliff is a man at all, after she marries him and is exposed to his true nature. An important part of the novel is often overlooked and has never truly been conveyed in any film adaptation; Heathcliff and Cathy are two halves of the same soul, and are good and evil, angel and devil. Catherine and Heathcliff’s love is based on their shared perception that they are identical. /Their love denies difference, and is strangely asexual. The two do not kiss in dark corners or arrange secret trysts, as adulterers do. (Sparknotes)/ Cathy famously proclaims

The angels grew so angry with her that they cast her onto the heath and onto Wuthering Heights, and when she woke, she wept for joy. Cathy goes through a transformation in the book; during an argument with Edgar Linton she starts going crazy, biting and ripping the pillows and then lying still as though dead. She is ill for a period of time but never fully recovers; she asks Nelly

as though he has seen her ghost himself. When Heathcliff dies, he is found in the bedroom with the window open, raising the possibility that Catherine's ghost entered Wuthering Heights just as Lockwood saw in his dream. At the end of the novel, Nelly Dean reports that various superstitious locals have claimed to see Catherine and Heathcliff's ghosts roaming the moors. Lockwood, however, discounts the idea of

woven multiple references to Wuthering Heights and the life of Emily Brontë. James Stoddard's novel The False House contains numerous references to Wuthering Heights. In the novel H: The Story of Heathcliff's Journey Back to Wuthering Heights' by Lin Haire-Sargeant tells the story of how Heathcliff discovers he is the son and heir of Edgar Fairfax Rochester and Bertha Mason (Jane Eyre). Jasper Fforde's Thursday Next novels often mention Heathcliff as the most tragic romantic hero. In Fforde's book The Well of Lost Plots, it is revealed that all the characters of Wuthering Heights are required to attend group anger management sessions. In the preface of his novel Le bleu du ciel, the French writer Georges Bataille states that, in his view, Wuthering Heights belongs to those rare works in literature written from an inner necessity. Alice Hoffman's

novel, a sheep-detective called Miss Maple, to guess the identity of the murderer. In Diane Setterfield's novel, The Thirteenth Tale (novel), Wuthering Heights is also frequently mentioned. The relationship between Charlie and Isabelle Angelfield parallels that of Heathcliff and Catherine in many ways. Michel Houellebecq's debut novel Extension du domaine de la lutte briefly mentions Wuthering Heights -

and transforming the Western classic into the Japanese literary context. In Stephenie Meyer's Twilight series, the main character, Bella Swan, is often seen with a battered copy of Wuthering Heights. Film, TV or theatrical adaptations 1920: the earliest version of Wuthering Heights is filmed in England, directed by

A.V. Bramble. It is unknown if any prints still exist.[9] 1939: Wuthering Heights, starring Merle Oberon as Catherine Linton, Laurence Olivier as Heathcliff, David Niven as Edgar Linton, Flora Robson as Ellen Dean, Donald Crisp as Dr. Kenneth, Geraldine Fitzgerald as Isabella Linton and Leo G. Carroll as Joseph Earnshaw. The film was adapted by Charles MacArthur, Ben Hecht and John Huston. It was directed by William Wyler. The movie was nominated for the 1940 Academy Award for Best Picture. It did not depict the entire novel, portraying only half. In 1948 BBC Television staged a live 90-minute version of the novel. This was not recorded. A 1953 adaptation on BBC Television was scripted by Nigel Kneale, directed by Rudolph Cartier and starred Richard Todd as Heathcliff and Yvonne Mitchell as Catherine. This version does not survive in the BBC archives. According to Kneale, it was made simply because Todd had turned up at the BBC one day and said that he wanted

to play Heathcliff for them; Kneale was forced to write the script in only a week as the adaptation was rushed into production.[10]

A 1954 very loose Spanish-language adaptation filmed in Mexico by Luis Buñuel, titled Abismos de Pasión. In 1962, BBC Television screened a new production of their 1953 version. This was again produced by Rudolph Cartier and has been preserved in the archives. Kneale's adaptation concentrates on the first half of the novel, removing the second generation of Earnshaws and Lintons entirely. Claire Bloom played Catherine and Keith Michell was Heathcliff.[11] In 1966 a musical Hindi-language film adaptation was released in India entitled Dil Diya Dard Liya. It's story and charachters were clearly based upon Wuthering Heights. It starred Dilip Kumar (Heathcliff), Waheeda Rehman (Cathy), Pran (Hindley), Rehman (Edgar) and Shyama (Isabella). Names, locations and many plot developments were adapted to suit Indian audiences. 1970: Wuthering Heights starring Timothy Dalton as Heathcliff and Anna Calder-Marshall as Catherine (the elder). It does not cover the whole story. 1970: Monty Python's Flying Circus Season 2 episode # 15 featured a sketch

semaphore flags. Egyptian television did a serialized version in the early 70's. 1978: Another BBC adaptation, directed by Peter Hammond and produced by Jonathan Powell, with screenplays by Hugh Leonard and David Snodin. Ken Hutchison plays Heathcliff and Kay Adshead plays Cathy. This adaptation covers the whole story, and has been reissued on DVD. 1985: French film adaptation Hurlevent by Jacques Rivette. 1987: Austrian drama adaptation Krankheit oder Moderne Frauen by Elfriede Jelinek. 1988: Japanese film. 1991: A Filipino film adaptation Hihintayin Kita Sa Langit, starring Richard Gomez and Dawn Zulueta. It was reprised in 2007 with an English title, The Promise, starring Richard Gutiérrez and Angel Locsín. 1992: Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights starring Juliette Binoche in two roles, Catherine Earnshaw and her daughter, and Ralph Fiennes as Heathcliff. 1995: Adaptation for theatre by Gillian Hiscott published by J. Garnett Miller Ltd. (now Cressrelles) 1998: Adaptation by Neil McKay for London Weekend Television directed by David Skynner and starring Sarah Smart as Catherine (the younger), Orla Brady as the elder Catherine and Robert Cavanah as Heathcliff. Also broadcast by PBS television as part of Masterpiece Theatre. 2002: Sparkhouse for

the BBC. A modern take on the story with the gender roles reversed, adapted by Sally Wainwright, directed by Robin Shepperd and starring Sarah Smart and Joseph McFadden. 2003: Wuthering Heights for MTV. It starred Erika Christensen, Mike Vogel, and Christopher Masterson. New versions In 2006 it was reported that a new film adaptation was in development, with Angelina Jolie and Johnny Depp attached to star, however, no further developments appear to have been forthcoming. M. Night Shyamalan was once offered the project to direct, but he turned it down to work on The Village, which he later revealed to be inspired partly by the novel.[12] ITV has commissioned a new adaptation, to be written by Blackpool writer Peter Bowker. The three-hour Brontë is expected to be broadcast in early 2008.[13] It will star Charlotte Riley and Tom Hardy. In early 2008, a highly publicized fight for the role of Catherine made headlines across the UK with both Keira Knightley and Lindsay Lohan vying for the role. John Maybury is slated to direct the latest adaptation.[14]. In April 2008, Natalie Portman was cast as in the role[15] although she had to leave the project soon after. Sienna Miller is in early talks to play Cathy, the heroine of Wuthering Heights, while Michael Fassbender, the fast-rising

London-based actor has now signed to play the brooding figure of Heathcliff. Sienna entered negotiations following the dramatic withdrawal from the production of actress Natalie Portman.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-1020030/Sienna-Miller-play-Wuthering-Heights-heroine-Cathy-Natalie-Portman-drops-out.html Musical allusions and adaptations Opera Bernard Herrmann wrote an Opera based on the novel in 1951. The libretto was by his former wife, radio play writer Lucille Fletcher. The opera was first performed in a concert version in London in 1966, with the composer conducting the Pro Arte Orchestra. It featured the soprano Morag Beaton in the role of Cathy, and baritone Donald Bell as Heathcliff. The opera was later recorded on a Unicorn-Kanchana records. However, a fully staged version of the opera was not done until 1982 when Portland Opera premiered the production.[16] Carlisle Floyd also wrote an opera based on the novel in 1958. Bernard J. Taylor wrote a musical Wuthering Heights, recorded in 1992 as a concept album starring Lesley Garrett, Dave Willetts, Bonnie Langford and Clive Carter, and first performed in 1994. It has been translated into German, Romanian and Polish.[17] The

all-female Japanese opera company, Takarazuka Revue, has their own interpretation of the story, the musical drama is first performed in the 1970s and the most recently production is in 1998, starring Yōka Wao. Sir Cliff Richard starred in the self commissioned

which are the last words in the novel. Wuthering Heights is a Danish heavy metal band. Song writer Michael Penn makes reference to Heathcliff in his song

Confessions of a Teenage Drama Queen, Lindsay Lohan's character sees her favorite singer in New York City and remarks that

10,000 Nights with the lyrics

范文八:呼啸山庄内容简介

1801年,洛克伍德先生来到山庄拜访希斯克利夫先生,要租下他的画眉田庄,希斯克利夫先生对他很粗暴,还有一群恶狗向他发起进攻。但他还是又一次造访希斯克利夫生,他遇到了行为粗俗,不修边幅的英俊少年哈里顿·欧肖,和貌美的希斯克利夫先生之子的遗孀。由于天黑又下雪希斯克利夫先生不得不留他住了下来,夜里他做了一个奇怪的梦,梦见树枝打在窗齿打碎玻璃,想折断外头的树枝,可手指却触到一双冰凉的小手,一个幽灵似的啜泣声乞求他放她进来。她说她叫凯瑟琳·恩肖,已经在这游荡了20年了,她想闯进来,吓得洛克伍德失声大叫。希斯克利夫先生闻声赶来,让洛克伍德出去,他自己扑倒在床上,哭着叫起来:“凯茜(即凯瑟琳),来吧!啊,来呀,再来一次!啊,我心中最亲爱的!凯茜,最后一次!”可窗外毫无声息,一阵冷风吹灭了蜡烛。 第二天,洛克伍德先生来到画眉田庄,向女管家艾伦·迪恩问起此事,女管家便讲了发生在呼啸山庄的事情。 呼啸山庄已有30年的历史,以前的主人老欧肖先生从街头捡来一个吉普赛人的弃儿,收他做养子,这就是希斯克利夫。希斯克利夫一到这家就受到老欧肖先生的儿子亨德雷(即辛德雷)欺负和虐待(其实是希斯克利夫先倚仗恩肖先生的宠爱欺负辛德雷,以至于将辛德雷惹怒),可辛德雷的妹妹凯瑟琳却与希斯克利夫疯狂地相爱了(但当时都没有吐露心扉)。 老主人死了之后,已婚的亨德雷成了呼啸山庄的主人。他开始阻止希斯克利夫和凯瑟琳的交往,并把希克厉赶到田里去干活,不断地羞辱他,折磨他,他变得不近人情,近乎痴呆,凯瑟琳也变得野性十足。 一次,他们到画眉田庄去玩,凯瑟琳被狗咬伤,主人林顿夫妇知道她是欧肖家的孩子,就热情地留她养伤,而把希斯克利夫当成坏小子赶跑了。凯瑟琳和林顿的儿子埃德加、女儿伊莎贝拉成了好朋友。凯瑟琳住了五个长星期回来后,变成温文尔雅,仪态万方的富家小姐。当他再次见到希斯克利夫时,生怕他弄脏了自己的衣服。希斯克利夫的自尊心受到了伤害,他说:“我愿意怎么脏,就怎么脏。”他发誓要对亨德雷进行报复,他心中的野性和愤恨全部对准亨德雷。 1778年6月,亨德雷的妻子生下哈里顿·欧肖后因肺病死去,亨德雷受了很大的打击,从此变得更加残忍,更加冷酷无情。凯瑟琳徘徊于希斯克利夫和埃德加的爱情之间,她真心爱希斯克利夫,但又觉得与一个仆人结婚,有失身份。当埃德加向她求婚时,想到他的漂亮和富有,便答应了。但在她灵魂深处,非常明白自己错了,便向女仆艾伦·迪恩吐露真情:“我对埃德加的爱像树林中的叶子,当冬季改变树木的时候,随之就会改变叶子。我对希斯克利夫的爱却像地下永久不变的岩石……我爱的就是希斯克利夫!他无时无刻不在我心中,并不是作为一种乐趣,而是作为我的一部分。” 希斯克利夫不巧听到了她们对话的前半部分,痛苦万分,当夜离开了呼啸山庄,凯瑟琳因希斯克利夫的离去而大病一场。后来林顿夫妇相继得热病而死,在他们死后三年,凯瑟琳同埃德加结婚了。 数年后,希斯克利夫突然出现在画眉田庄,这时他已经长成了一个潇洒英俊而又很有钱的青年。凯瑟琳见到他时欣喜若狂,他意味深长地说:“我只是为了你才奋斗的”。他经常出入于画眉田庄,这使伊莎贝拉发疯似的爱上了他。他为了报复整夜整夜地和亨德雷打牌、喝酒,慢慢地使他破了产,最后把整个庄园抵押给希斯克利夫。尽管凯瑟琳想尽办法想挽回希斯克利夫的感情,但他还是和伊莎贝拉结婚了,婚后以虐待伊莎贝拉来发泄自己的仇恨。 此时凯瑟琳正值临产,希斯克利夫趁埃德加不在,进入了画眉田庄,他死命地抱住凯瑟琳,悲切地叫道:“啊,凯茜,啊,我的命!我怎能受得了哇!……”凯瑟琳着说:“如果我做错了,我会因此而死,你也离开过我,但我宽恕了你,你也宽恕我吧!”希斯克利夫答道:“这是难以办到的,但我饶恕你对我做的事。我可以爱害了我的人,可是害了你的人,我又怎么能够饶恕他呢?”他们就这样疯狂地拥抱着,互相不知是深爱还是怨恨。 直到埃德加回来后,他们才分开,凯瑟琳再也没有醒来。当天夜里,她昏迷中生下一个女孩便死去了。希斯克利夫整夜守在庄园里,当得知凯瑟琳死了,他用力地把头撞在树干上,“天啊!没有我的命根子,我不能活下去呀!”几个月后亨德雷死了,希斯克利夫成了呼啸山庄的主人。他把亨德雷的儿子哈里顿培养成一个粗野无礼,没有教养的野小子。伊莎贝拉忍受不了丈夫的虐待,逃到伦敦附近,在那儿生了一个儿子取名林顿。 12年后林顿已长成一个少年,但病弱不堪,凯瑟琳的小女儿也已长成一个美丽的少女,希斯克利夫虽不喜欢林顿,他还是趁小凯瑟琳的父亲病危之际,把小凯瑟琳接到呼啸山庄,逼迫她和林顿结婚,因为他要“胜利地看见我的后代堂皇地作为他们产业的主人,我的孩子用工钱雇他们的孩子种他们的土地”。 几个月后,埃德加也死了,希斯克利夫作为小凯瑟琳的父亲搬进了画眉田庄。不久林顿也死了,小凯瑟琳成了年轻的寡妇。 小凯瑟琳和哈里顿就像当年的希斯克利夫和凯瑟琳一样,希斯克利夫疯狂地阻止他们的来往,当他抓住小凯瑟琳想打她时,他从她的眼睛里看到了凯瑟琳的影子,而此时的哈里顿不正是当年的自己吗!他变得更孤独了,他渴望着和凯瑟琳的孤魂在一起。连续几天他不吃不喝,在沼地里游荡,回来后把自己关在凯瑟琳住过的房间里,第二天,人们发现他死了。 他死后被埋在凯瑟琳的墓旁,小凯瑟琳终于和哈里顿结婚了。

范文九:山海经简介

山海经简介 《山海经》是中国先秦重要古籍,也是一部荒诞不经的奇书。该书作者不详,现代学者均认为成书并非一时,作者亦非一人。 《山海经》传世版本共计18卷,包括《山经》5卷,《海经》13卷,各卷著作年代无从定论,其中14卷为战国时作品,4卷为西汉初年作品。山海经内容主要是民间传说中的地理知识,包括山川、矿物、民族、物产、药物等。保存了包括夸父逐日、女娲补天、精卫填海、大禹治水等相关内容在内的不少脍炙人口的远古神话传说和寓言故事。《山海经》具有非凡的文献价值,对中国古代历史、地理、文化、中外交通、民俗、神话等的研究,均有参考。其中的矿物记录,更是世界上最早的有关文献。

《山海经》版本复杂,现可见最早版本为晋郭璞《山海经传》。但《山海经》的书名《史记》便有提及,最早收录书目的是《汉书·艺文志》。至于其真正作者,前人有认为是禹、伯益,经西汉刘向、刘歆编校,才形成传世书籍,现多认为,具体成书年代及作者已无从确证。

《山海经》影响很大,也颇受国际汉学界重视,对于它的内容性质古今学者有着不同的认识,如司马迁直言其内容“余不敢言也”,如鲁迅认为“巫觋、方士之书”。现大多数学者认为,《山海经》是一部早期有价值的地理著作。

范文十:《山海经》简介

《山海经》简介

《山海经》 是先秦古籍, 是一部富于神话传说的最古老的地理书。 它主要记述古代地理、 物产、神话、巫术、宗教等,也包括古史、医药、民俗、民族等方面的内容。除此之外, 《山 海经》还以流水账方式记载了一些奇怪的事件,对这些事件至今仍然存在较大的争论。 全 书 18 篇,约 31000 字。五藏山经 5 篇、海外经 4 篇、海内经 5 篇、大荒经 4 篇。 《汉书·艺 文志》作 13 篇,未把大荒经和海内经计算在内。全书内容,以五藏山经 5 篇和海外经 4 篇 作为一组;海内经 4 篇作为一组;而大荒经 5 篇以及书末海内经 1 篇又作为一组。每组的组 织结构,自具首尾,前后贯串,有纲有目。五藏山经的一组,依南、西、北、东、中的方位 次序分篇,每篇又分若干节,前一节和后一节又用有关联的语句相承接,使篇节间的关系表 现得非常清楚。 该书按照地区不按时间把这些事物一一记录。所记事物大部分由南开始,然后向西,再 向北,最后到达大陆(九州)中部。九州四围被东海、西海、南海、北海所包围。古代中国 也一直把 《山海经》 作为历史看待, 是中国各代史家的必备参考书, 由于该书成书年代久远, 连司马迁写《史记》时也认为:“至《禹本纪》《山海经》所有怪物,余不敢言之也。” ,