爱的教育人物分析

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范文一:《简爱》的人物分析

丽江师范高等专科学校

专科学生毕业论文

Title: An Analysis of the Concept of Jane Eyre’s Love

题 目: 简 • 爱 的 爱 情

系 (院):英 语 系

专业名称:英 语 教 育

年 级:09 级 4 班

学生姓名 余 小 秀

学 号:指导老师:王 素 岚

2012年 6月

Table of contents

1.Introduction……………………………………………………………3

2.Jane Eyre’s Independence…………………………………….……..3

3. Jane Eyre’s Self-respect………………………………………………..4

4 . Jane Eyre's love .................................................................................... 5

5.Conclusion……………………………………………………………....5

6.bibliography…………………………………………………………….6

An Analysis of the Concept of Jane Eyre’s Love

Grade:09 Class:4 Yu XiaoXiu Instructor:Yu XiaoXiu

Abstract:Jane Eyre is a piece of autobiographical fiction. The novel creates a female image who is against social pressure with rebellion and independence. It is filled with love, passion and reason, and maintains its unique artistic charm. The Heroine of Jane Eyre, lives under traditional pressure to pursue for independence and love loyalty. This thesis analyzes her personality. Under her adamancy and

self-respect, she literally has got a fiery heart for her love. Furthermore, the thesis tells us the Heroine’s love standpoint that the love should rely on the independent economy and should be equal in their spirit for both the lovers.

Key Words:Love; self-respect; independence

摘 要:《简.爱》是一部自传体小说,它是夏洛蒂.勃朗特的第一部长篇小说。作者以第一人称的自叙手法,为我们描述了一个反抗社会压力,充满反叛和独立精神的女性形象。小说以其独特的艺术魅力,展示其充满爱、激情与理性的深刻内涵。朴实的女主人公简.爱,在传统的社会压力下,追求着自己的独立和忠实的爱情。本文透过女主人公坚强自尊的性格特点,探秘在其内心深处的炽热爱情,揭示女主人公追求经济的独立,精神上男女平等的爱情观。

关键词:爱情;自尊;独立

Introduction

Charlotte Bronte was born in a Priest’s family in York Shire in ( 1816-1885). In 1847, she published her novel Jane Eyre, the novel was a great shock at that time and made her successful .Jane Eyre is a great novel that it is an important position in the history of British literature.

1. Jane Eyre’s independence

Orphaned as an infant, Jane Eyre lives with at Gateshed with her aunt Sarah Reed .All things are very tragedy, when she is ten years old. Her cousins, Georgiana and Eliza didn't love her.They always blam her and also tell Mr.Brocklehurst that Jane is a lying child and he believed her cousins.These things do not strike Jane down, she is very firm, she knows there is somebody to love her. Then Jane is sent to Lowood School, a charity institution for orphan girls, run by Mr.Brocklehurst. Brocklehurst comes to school to tell people Jane is a lying child, she is punished to stand on the stool at the head, do not allow anybody speak to her. Jane is crying, but she does not give up, she believes that somebody believes that she is innocent.The school’s damp condition, combined with the girls’ near-starvation diet, produces a typhus epidemic, in which nearly half the students die, including Helen,who is Jane's best friend in school dies in Jane’s arms. Despite the difficult conditions at Lowood, Jane prefers school to life with the Reeds. From Miss Temple, Jane learns proper ladylike behavior and compassion, from Helen she gains a more spiritual focus. And after six years of hard work, she becomes an effective teacher. The author shows her independent spirit through exposed her miserable environment life at childhood.

2.Jane Eyre’s Self-respect

At Thornfield, a comfortable three-story country estate, Jane is warmly

welcomed. One January afternoon, while walking to Millcote to mail a letter, Jane helps a horseman whose horse has slipped on a patch of ice and fallen. Returning to Thornfield, Jane discovers that this man is Edward Fairfax Rochester, the owner of Thornfield and her employer. From their first meeting unexpectedly, Mr. Rochester knows the girl who helps him out of the trouble on his way to his home Thornfield is his governess.Rochester is attracted to her qualification of mind, courage,

independence, and strong personality, and falls in love with her. But it is Jane Eyre who declares her love to Rochester before he makes his sentiment clear to her,“Do you think, because I am poor, obscure, plain, and little, I am soulless and heartless?”

she cries, “You think wrong!- I have as much soul as you,- and full as much heart! And if god had gifted me with some beauty, and much wealth, I should have made it as hard for you to leave me, as it is now for me to leave you. I am not talking to you through the medium of custom, conversation, nor even of mortal flesh;-it is my spirit that addresses your spirit; just as if both had passed though the grave, and we stood at God’s feet, equal,-as we are!”⑥ Here, “equal” is the word, it reflects she loves Rochester just because he regards her as a human being, or more importantly, as an equal person. Equality is what she strives for, and in him she finds what she strives for.

3.Jane Eyre's love

Mr.Rochester and Jane fall in love. Finally they can get married, but at this time Mason appears to wedding, he speaks Mr. Rochester has a wife and she lives in the Thornfield Hall, (this women is that the crazy woman frequently appears to look like ghost).When Jane knows all things, she feels embarrassed very much, but she decides to leave there.However, in her deep heart she still loves Rochester, wherever she goes, she always remembers the happy moments they spend together. Finlly, Jane Eyre Refusing Mr. St. John River’s Courting and returns to Thornfield, but the house has been destroyed by a fire started by the mad wife. She finds Rochester, blind and alone. Then they marry and find happiness together.She can not accept the kindness of martial which means a shame to her self-respect. For her, it’s necessary to have self-respect for love. Though she departed at last, it couldn’t deny her sincere love, but the inequality of marriage. She pursues the equality on economy, personality and social status.

4.Conclusion

Jane Eyre is a powerful narrative with profound themes concerning genders, family, passion, and identity. It is unambiguously one of the most celebrated novels in British literature. Jane Eyre is poor but aspiring, small in body but huge in soul,

obscure but self-respecting girl. After we close the covers of the book, after having a long journey of the spirit, Jane Eyre, has left us so much to recall and to think: We remember her striving for life, her toughness and her confidence… When we think of this girl, what she gives us is not a pretty face or a transcendent temperament that make us admire deeply, but a huge charm of her personality. The story can be

interpreted as a symbol of the independent spirit. As we refer to the novel Jane Eyre, it is not surprising to find some differences because of its being filmi-zed and retold in a new way, but the spirit of the novel remains to be an independent person, physically and mentally.

5.Bibliograph

Allotte, Marian, Jane Eyre. London: Macmilln Education Press, 1973.

Glen, Heather, The Brontes. Shanghai: Shanghai Foreign Language Education Press, 2003.

Bronte, Charlotte. Jane Eyre. 北京:当代中国出版社,2002.

陈翠娟.《简.爱》爱情故事中的真善美[J]. 珠海城市职业技术学院,2006,(1).

候维瑞.英国文学通史 [M]. 上海:上海外语教育出版社,1999.

刘心武.世界文学名著.名家导读版 [M]. 北京:中国对外翻译出版公司,

原文地址:http://fanwen.wenku1.com/article/6186734.html

范文二:《简爱》的人物分析

四 川 教 育 学 院

本科学生毕业论文

Title: An Analysis of the Concept of Jane Eyre’s Love

题 目: 简 • 爱 的 爱 情

系 (院):英 语 系

专业名称:英 语 教 育

年 级:09 级 2 班

学生姓名 闫 春 萍

学 号:指导老师:王 枫 林 职称:教 授

2010年 月

Table of contents

1.Introduction……………………………………………………………3

2.Jane Eyre’s Personality…………………………………….……..5

2.1 Jane Eyre’s Adamancy ………………………………………….....5

2.1.1. Jane Eyre’s Life at Her Aunt’s Home.............5

2.1.2. Jane Eyre’s SchoolLife...........................5

2. 1. 3 Jane Eyre Looking for a Job in the Town………………...…6

3. Jane Eyre’s Self-respect………………………………………………..6

3.1.Jane Eyre Meeting with Mr. Rochester.................6

3.2. Jane Eyre Falling in Love with Mr. Rochester.............................8

3. 3. Jane Eyre Deviating from Mr. Rochester......................................9

3. 4. Jane Eyre Refusing Mr. St. John River’s Courting

....................................................10

4.Conclusion…………………………………………………………….....11

5.bibliography……………………………………………………………..12

An Analysis of the Concept of Jane Eyre’s Love

Grade:09 Class:2 Yan chunping Instructor:Wang Fengling Abstract:Jane Eyre is a piece of autobiographical fiction. It is Charlotte. Bronte‟s first novel published in 1849. The novel creates a female image who is against social pressure with rebellion and independence. It is filled with love, passion and reason, and maintains its unique artistic charm. This thesis analyzes some major characters in the novel and takes a lot of examples to show the author‟s meaning and reflect the theme. This kind of description makes the figure a real person with blood and flesh. It also reflects the author‟s resistant spirit. The Heroine of Jane Eyre, a plain and little girl, lives under traditional pressure to pursue for independence and love loyalty. This thesis analyzes her personality. Under her adamancy and self-respect, she literally has got a fiery heart for her love. Furthermore, the thesis tells us the Heroine‟s love

standpoint that the love should rely on the independent economy and should be equal in their spirit for both the lovers.

Key Words:Love; self-respect; rebellion; women consciousness

摘 要:《简.爱》是一部自传体小说,它是夏洛蒂.勃朗特的第一部长篇小说。作者以第一人称的自叙手法,为我们描述了一个反抗社会压力,充满反叛和独立精神的女性形象。小说以其独特的艺术魅力,展示其充满爱、激情与理性的深刻内涵。本文分析了文本的主要艺术形象,通过一系列例证揭示了作者的意图和文本反映的主题。这种描述使文本人物形象丰满,有血有肉,同时揭示了作者隐含在文本中的反叛思想。朴实的女主人公简.爱,在传统的社会压力下,追求着自己的独立和忠实的爱情。本文透过女主人公坚强自尊的性格特点,探秘在其内心深处的炽热爱情,揭示女主人公追求经济的独立,精神上男女平等的爱情观。 关键词:爱情;自尊;反叛;女性意识

Introduction

Charlotte Bronte was born in a Priest‟s family in York Shire in 1816. Her

mother died when she was five years old, but her father was an intellect, he often taught his children to read books and magazines and told stories to them. Charlotte was interest in literature, so when she was very young, she was sent to a boarding school and when she was 15, she went to another school to study. In order to support her family, she became a teacher. In 1847, she published her novel Jane Eyre, the novel was a great shock at that time and made her successful. She died in 1885. Jane Eyre is a great novel that it is an important position in the history of British literature. And it has been translated into various languages and adapted for movie, readers all through the world. The period when Jane lived corresponds with the time of Queen Victoria‟s ruling. Victoria who ruled over the British Empire for more than 60 years was a well known queen in English history. The period has been generals regarded as one of the most glorious in the English history.

Jane Eyre has the deep romantics color and has also depicted the actual life novel. The novel begins with Jane in the uncle‟s house pass her childhood, she is packed off to a charitable boarding school and Jane sets herself to learn. She becomes a teacher; she is employed as governess of the French daughter of Rochester in his country mansion, Thornfield. In the place she has her own love. When they come to a marriage, Jane has discovered that Rochester has a mad wife who is hidden in that house. Jane doesn‟t want to be Rochester‟s mistress and leaves Thornfield. She is rescued by the Rivers family. When Jane proposes marriage by John River, Jane knows John Rivers in order to undertake missionary work, so Jane refuses John River‟s courting. Then Jane gains a large amount of inheritance from her uncle who she has never known. She returns to Thornfield, but the house has been destroyed by a fire started by the mad wife. She finds Rochester, blind and alone. Then they marry and find happiness together.

I. Jane Eyre‟s Personality

A. Jane Eyre‟s Adamancy

1. Jane Eyre‟s Life at Her Aunt‟s Home

Orphaned as an infant, Jane Eyre lives with at Gateshed with her aunt. Sarah Reed. When she is ten years old. Her cousins, Georgiana and Eliza do not love her. Their brother, John, is more blatantly hostile to Jane, reminding her that she is a poor

dependent of his mother. One day he is angered to find Jane reading one of his books, so he takes the book away and throws it at her. Finding this treatment intolerable, Jane fights back. She is blamed for the conflagration and sent to the red-room, the place where her kind Uncle Reed died. In this frightening room, Jane thinks she sees her Uncle‟s ghost and begs to be set free. Her aunt Reed refuses, and remains Jane in her prison until she learns complete submissiveness. When the door to the red-room is locked once again, Jane passes out. She walks back in her own room, with the kind physician, Mr. Lloyd, standing over her bed. He advises Aunt Reed to send Jane away to school, because she is obviously unhappy at Gateshed.

Her aunt agrees it. All things are very smooth, but Mrs. Reed tells

Mr.Brocklehurst that Jane is a lying child. These things do not strike Jane down, she is very firm, she knows there is somebody to love her. The author shows her rebellious spirit through her words and deeds.

2. Jane Eyre‟s School Life

Jane is sent to Lowood School, a charity institution for orphan girls, run by Mr. Brocklehurst. A stingy and mean-hearted minister, Brocklehurst provides the girls with starvation levels of food, freezing rooms, and poorly made clothing and shoes. He justifies his poor treatment of them by saying that they need to learn humility and by comparing them to Christian martyrs, who also endured great hardships. Despite the difficult conditions at Lowood, Jane prefers school to life with the Reeds. From Miss Temple, Jane learns proper ladylike behavior and compassion, from Helen she gains a more spiritual focus. The school‟s damp condition, combined with the girls‟ near-starvation diet, produces a typhus epidemic, in which nearly half the students die,

including Helen, who dies in Jane‟s arms. Following this tragedy, Brocklehurst is deposed from his position as manager of Lowood, and conditions become more

acceptable. Jane quickly becomes a star student. And after six years of hard work, she becomes an effective teacher. Following two years of teaching at Lowood, Jane is ready for new challenges.

At Lowood school is full with fresh and curious, at the same time she worries it very much .In here Jane has a best friend that she is Helen. When Helen is punished to stand up in people‟s centre in room, Jane feels the thing makes Helen lose face, but Helen says “yet it would be your duty to bear it, if you could not avoid it, it is weak and silly to be required to bear.”① But Jane is not understood and endured, Helen thinks “love your enemies; bless them that curse you; do good to them that hate your and despitefully use you.”② The thing explains Helen‟s weakness, she does not dare compose out to self unfair thing resisting, is able to go to endure.

Jane‟s worrying that it has finally appeared, Mr. Brocklehurst comes to school, that he says Jane is a lying child, she is punished to stand on the stool at the head, do not allow anybody speak to her. Jane is crying, but she does not give up, she believes that somebody believes that she is innocent. She wins ultimately everybody‟s respect and love.

At school, Jane‟s personality is more pronounced resistance, and contrast to her friend‟s patient compliance. As the novel progresses, she grows in strength. She distinguishes herself at Lowood School because of her hard work and strong intellectual abilities. Life in Lowood Orphanage may be much more courage and determination to struggle for her right.

3. Jane Eyre Looking for a Job in the Town

Jane leaves Thornfield Hall. She has been rescued by St. John. She speaks: “I will be a dressmaker; I will be a plain-workman; I will be a servant, a nurse-girl, if I can be no better,” Mr. St. John says: “Right, if such is your spirit, I promise to aid you, in my own time and way.” ③ St. John offers Jane a humble job as the schoolmistress for the poor girls in his parish at Morton. Jane works in this very joyful place and she likes there.

“I felt I became a favourite in the neighbourhood. Whenever I went out, I heard on all sides cordial salutations, and was welcomed with friendly smiles. To live

amidst general regard, thought it be but the regard of working people, is like sitting in sunshine, calm and sweet, serene inward feelings bud and bloom under the ray. At this period of my life, my heart far oftener swelled with thankfulness than sank with dejection.”④ All this things show Jane‟s personality, self-improvement.

B. Jane Eyre‟s Self-respect

1. Jane Eyre Meeting with Mr. Rochester

At Thornfield, a comfortable three-story country estate, Jane is warmly welcomed. She likes both her new pupil, Adèle Varens, and Mrs. Fairfax, the housekeeper at Thornfield, but is soon restless. One January afternoon, while walking to Millcote to mail a letter, Jane helps a horseman whose horse has slipped on a patch of ice and fallen. Returning to Thornfield, Jane discovers that this man is Edward Fairfax Rochester, the owner of Thornfield and her employer. He is a dark-haired, moody man in his late thirties. Although he is often taciturn, Jane grows fond of his mysterious, passionate nature.

From the first meeting with him, we can see Jane‟s position as a helper in Mr. Rochester‟s mind. When one afternoon she is on her way to the post office, Jane meets with Mr. Rochester unexpectedly. And after, she offers him help several times since he falls from his horse, Mr. Rochester still „had hardly turned his eyes in Jane‟s direction before‟. From this sentence we can see that Mr. Rochester is very haughty, he is not a man who is amiable and easy to approach. In my opinion, as an ordinary person, we should express our good manners to a stranger if others offers us help, but Mr. Rochester shows his ideas quite different. From their first meeting unexpectedly, Mr. Rochester knows the girl who helps him out of the trouble on his way to his home Thornfield is his governess. However, let‟s see how our hero- Rochester‟s attitude to Jane at his own home as a master. One evening when she is told at last by Mrs.

Fairfax to have tea with Mr. Rochester in the drawing-room, Jane regards his first invitation as a ceremony and prepares it stately.

From these statements above, it‟s not difficult to see Mr. Rochester is a

haughty and indifferent man either to his servant or to a person he does not know much perhaps as far as he is concerned, he has nothing to say to his employees except giving them orders because he does not think his employees have the same languages to talk with. As we know, he is a bachelor and he has traveled many nations of the world. Not only the knowledge but also the experiences can make him superior to them. So he seems to look down upon any persons in his home.

Take one meeting as an example. They talk about gift and Jane‟s answer is that: “sir, you have now given me my „cadeau‟; I am obliged to you „it is the meed teachers most covet-praise of their pupils‟ progress.” ⑤ Here shows Jane‟s self-respect.

2. Jane Eyre Falling in Love with Mr. Rochester

Mr. Rochester and Jane fall in love concerns and have revealed a lot of problem of United Kingdom society and tell to reader: What is the amatory basis? How gain happy marriage? What position should the woman have in the family?

Love is the most beautiful characteristic of human beings‟ life and love can not be measured by one‟s status, power or property. In most individuals‟ life, people like to seek a meaningful, romantic relationship resulting in love, commitment,

companionship and happiness. In my opinion, it is most important that a man and a woman have heart and feelings that find a perfect response, and also have mutual affinity. Shakespeare says: “the course of true love never runs smooth.” Jane and Rochester get true love after a lot of sufferings. Jane loves Rochester deeply

always-from the beginning to the end. There should be no distinction of property, rank or age in true love. Jane falls in love with Mr. Rochester. He who has rich experience and wisdom is softhearted, wealthy and in high rank as well as having pride and rudeness. Jane loves him, but not for his wealth and high rank, because he treats her equally and in a friendly manner, although she is poor and in low position.

She is such an excellent girl, good, intelligent, considerate that Rochester is attracted by her. It is Jane but not someone else who Rochester loves.

In order to lead a life of independence, Jane works as a governess at Thornfield Hall. She is looked down upon by the rich ladies of the fashionable society, but she never despises herself, she never feels herself inferior. She is satisfied with, and even proud of her honest, independence work. Rochester is attracted to her qualification of mind, courage, independence, and strong personality, and falls in love with her. But it is Jane Eyre who declares her love to Rochester before he makes his sentiment clear to her,“Do you think, because I am poor, obscure, plain, and little, I am soulless and heartless?” she cries, “You think wrong!- I have as much soul as you,- and full as much heart! And if god had gifted me with some beauty, and much wealth, I should have made it as hard for you to leave me, as it is now for me to leave you. I am not talking to you through the medium of custom, conversation, nor even of mortal flesh;-it is my spirit that addresses your spirit; just as if both had passed though the grave, and we stood at God‟s feet, equal,-as we are!”⑥ Here, “equal” is the word, she loves Rochester just because he regards her as a human being, or more

importantly, as an equal person. Equality is what she strives for, and in him she finds what she strives for. It shows that Jane is not very mature in mind. Without Rochester, her material life can‟t be affected, but she can‟t part from Rochester in spirit and emotion. Rochester wins Jane‟s heart, because she feels they are kindred spirits, and because he is the first person in the novel to offer Jane lasting love and a real home. Jane is honest, noble, pure, intelligent not to accept contaminating of common customs society, she has accepted his love just now, and has agreed to get married with Rochester.

3. Jane Eyre Deviating from Mr. Rochester

Finally, they can get married, but it is not smooth. At this time Mason appears to wedding, he speaks Mr. Rochester has a wife and she lives in the Thornfield Hall, (this women is that the crazy woman frequently appears to look like ghost).When Jane knows all things, she feels embarrassed very much, but she decides to leave there.

If she leaves, she can retain her self-respect; if she stays, she will become Rochester‟s mistress. Finally, she decides to leave Thornfield Hall. Because living with Rochester as his mistress means the loss of her dignity.

Rochester‟s oppression does not come from the fact that Rochester wants to marry Jane without telling her his mad wife‟s story. Here the point is that Rochester‟s love oppresses Jane and jeopardizes her independence. Jane knows, facing Rochester, she is no longer as independent as before. Jane‟s heart is always in a state of intense struggle. Her willing devotes herself to Rochester, but she still tries to grasp her own soul. When the secret is discovered, Rochester hopes that Jane can go with her in the name of love. Jane is nearly shaken. After all, she keeps her individual soul.

Why does Jane leave? In my opinion, when he meets Jane, Rochester is

planning to change his lifestyle. Giving up his wild, dissipated life on the continent, he‟s searching for freshness and freedom. Rochester‟s goal is self-transformation, a reformation to be enacted through his relationships with women. Longing for innocence and purity, he wants Jane to be the good angel in his life, creating new

harmony. Despite these desires for a new life, Rochester is still caught in a web of lies and immorality: He attempts bigamy and then tries to convince Jane to be his mistress. He also tries to objectify Jane by clothing her in expensive satins and laces, leaving her feeling like a “performing ape.” Although Rochester has critiqued Blanche Ingram and Céline Varens for their materialism and superficiality, here he seems to be

mimicking them. Rochester‟s passions and materialism need to be disciplined before he can be the proper husband for Jane.

4. Jane Eyre Refusing Mr. St. John River‟s Courting

St. John Rivers is cold, hard-hearted, and repressed. His handsome appearance indicates moral and intellectual superiority-he has “a straight, classic nose; quite an Athenian mouth and chin”- and contrasts with Rochester‟s more rugged features. Although St. John initially appears perfect, Jane soon detects a restlessness or

hardness under his seemingly placid features. He is “no longer flesh, but marble” and

his heart seems made of “stone or metal.” His reserve and brooding suggest a troubled nature, and his zealous Christianity offers him neither serenity nor solace. St. John‟s feelings about Christianity are revealed in his sermons, which have a “strictly restrained zeal” that shows his bitterness and hardness. While Rochester vents his passions, St. John represses his. The iciness of St. John‟s character is most

pronounced in his relationship with Rosamond Oliver. Although he “flushes” and “kindles” at the sight of her, St. John would rather turn himself into “an automaton” than succumb to Rosamond‟s beauty or fortune. His ambition cuts St. John off from all deep human emotions. St. John would like to have been a politician, a poet, or anything that could have offered him glory, fame, and power. His solution is to become a missionary, a position that will require all of these skills.

In Jane‟s point of view, John is selfish and cold-blooded. John decides to travel to India as a missionary and he asks Jane to go with him as his wife. Jane agrees to go to India but refuses to marry her cousin because she does not love him. Or we could say St. John plans to become a missionary in India. He tries to convince Jane to

accompany him, as his wife. Realizing that St. John doesn‟t love her but just wants to use her to accomplish his goals, Jane refuses his request, but suggests a compromise by agreeing to follow him to India as a comrade, but not as a wife. She has finally refused St. John. River‟s courting.

Women are not acting a role that society appoint to them, women should throw their own endeavor, pursue to equal in the economy, marriage, character and society position.

4.Conclusion

Jane Eyre is a powerful narrative with profound themes concerning genders, family, passion, and identity. It is unambiguously one of the most celebrated novels in British literature. The novel is written in the first person, and thus magnifies the central character the reader enters the world of Jane Eyre. This makes the work

meaningful, especially since we know that Charlottes Bronte‟s own life and experiences were so closely interwoven with the heroine‟s.

Jane Eyre is poor but aspiring, small in body but huge in soul, obscure but

self-respecting girl. After we close the covers of the book, after having a long journey of the spirit, Jane Eyre, a marvelous figure, has left us so much to recall and to think: We remember her striving for life, her toughness and her confidence… When we think of this girl, what she gives us is not a pretty face or a transcendent temperament that make us admire deeply, but a huge charm of her personality. The story can be interpreted as a symbol of the independent spirit. As we refer to the novel Jane Eyre, it is not surprising to find some differences because of its being filmized and retold in a new way, but the spirit of the novel remains to be an independent person, physically and mentally.

5.Bibliography

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[2] Bronte, Charlotte. Jane Eyre. 1847. New York: Bantam Books, 1981.

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[20] 李宗.《简.爱》和《觉醒》中的女性主义[J]. 科技信息,2006(1).

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[22] 田兆耀.西方文学鉴赏 [M]. 北京:中国广播电视出版社,2002.

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阅读详情:http://www.wenku1.com/news/E42CBE968E89C682.html

范文三:简爱的人物形象分析

《简•爱》经典片段重现

“你认为因为我穷、低微、不漂亮、矮小,我就没有灵魂、没有心吗?„„我们正平等地站在上帝的脚下——因为我们本来就是平等的!”掩卷而思,这古老的对白依然震撼着我的心灵。简·爱,她那纯洁高尚的灵魂已远远超乎了财富与美貌所具有的魅力,也让万千读者被她所深深地打动着。

下面请欣赏电影《简爱》里边几个经典的电影片段。

小时候的简爱就有着不同于超人的思维。下面是她和罗彻斯特的一段对话: 罗彻斯特:你很沉着。像你这样身份地位的孤儿,哪来的这种沉着?

简.爱: 它来自我的头脑,先生。

罗彻斯特:是我看到的,你肩膀上的那个?

简.爱: 是的,先生。

罗彻斯特:你头脑中还有没有其他类的东西?

简.爱: 我想它样样俱全,先生

从这段对话我们可以看出,小时候的简爱并不因自己的家庭条件而自卑,相反,她有着高傲的灵魂与与生俱来的自信。

有一天,他们聊起关于地狱的问题。

“一个淘气孩子的模样最让人痛心,,尤其是不听话的小姑娘。你知道坏人死后到哪里去吗?”

“他们下地狱,”我的回答既现成又正统。

“地狱是什么地方?能告诉我吗?”

“是个火坑。”

“你愿意落到那个火坑里,永远被火烤吗?”

“不,先生。”

“那你必须怎样才能避免呢?”

“我得保持健康,不要死掉。”

简爱面对地狱这种可怕的问题,从容面对,说明她的内心是始终充满阳光的,她有一颗健康的灵魂。

当罗彻斯特告诉了简爱他有妻子的事情以后,简爱非常生气的说了一段话:

你为什么和我讲这些?她和你与我有什么关系?你以为我贫穷,相貌平平就没有感情吗?我想你起誓,如果上帝赋予我财富和美貌,我会让你难于离开我,就像我现在难于离开你一样。可上帝没有这样安排。但我们的精神是平等的。就如你我走过坟墓,平等地站在上帝面前。

当罗切斯特挽留简爱留下时,简爱又说出了一段令人震惊的话:

你难道认为,我会留下来甘愿做一个对你来说无足轻重的人?你以为我是一架机器?——一架没有感情的机器?能够容忍别人把一口面包从我嘴里抢走,把一滴生命之水从我杯子里泼掉?就因为我穷,低微,不美,我就没有心,没有灵魂吗?——你不是想错了吗?——我的心灵跟你一样丰富,我的心胸跟你一样充实!我跟你一样有灵魂,也完全一样有一颗心。要是上帝也赐予我美貌与财富的话,我也会让你难以离开我,就像我现在难以离开你一样.好了,我已经说出了我的心里话,让我走吧。

可后来当简·爱得知罗切斯特为了拯救火灾中的妻子而双目失明、严重残疾、妻亡财毁时,她又满怀着爱回到了罗切斯特的怀抱中,得到了真正的幸福。

人,不是因为美丽而可爱,而是因为可爱才美丽。一个高贵的生命,窘困的环境改变不了他的高贵,艰难的命运同样也改变不了他的高贵。高贵的生命,往往懂得优雅的享受生活,轻松地经营人生。简爱生命的高贵,源于她是能为自我的心灵而活的人,她的不造作,使我深深的敬佩着,她索取的养料是最少,但她却是花开得最美的一株。在经过一场轰轰烈烈之后,她仍然用淡淡的心情去回应,这就是让人无法企及的充满爱心、宽容和尊严的精神世界

简·爱,你这位坚忍与尊严的天使,就如一片净土洗涤着我的心灵,将一直引领着我们在生活的道路上奔跑„„

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范文四:简爱的人物性格分析

简爱的人物性格分析

内容摘要:简爱是夏洛蒂 勃朗特笔下的女主人公。作者成功地塑造了一个敢于反抗,要求经济独立,追求平等爱情的新女性形象。但是,在她身上也存在着一些不足之处,笃信上帝和囿于家庭在她身上都有一定程度的体现。

关键词:简爱; 新女性形象; 性格

The Analysis of Jane Eyre”s Character

Abstract: Jane Eyre is the heroine of Charlotte Bronte.The author successfully describes a new woman image who dares to fighit against authority,ask for economic independence,pursue equality in love.however,Jane Eyre has her own weekness.She is a devout believer in religion and she can not shake off the yoke of the ethical code at that time.

Keywords: Jane Eyre;new woman image;character

夏洛蒂勃朗特是十九世纪英国女作家,《简爱》是她的代表作。作品讲述了一个精神和道德美感吸引读者的“灰姑娘’的故事。主人公简相貌平平,很小的时候便父母双亡,她生活在舅妈的歧视中,而对生活的困境,她始终抱以坚强的心态。后来与罗切斯特相爱,历经曲折,终于赢得了幸福的生活。《简爱》以其经久不衰的艺术魅力享誉文坛。其中,简爱的新女性光华形象更是被人们铭记,她独具魅力的性格是特殊时代的特殊产物。本文将从以下五个方面来谈一谈她的性格。

一.敢于反抗

简爱的主要性格特点即是独立自强。她敢于反抗逆境,不能忍受压迫,屈辱和一切卑鄙,不正义的行为。她的一生始终是自强不息的,她的这种叛逆性格首先表现在对环境的抗争上。她在洛伍德学校时曾说过:“当我们无缘无故挨打的时候,我们应该狠狠的回击.....教训教训那些打我们的人,叫他们永远不敢再这样打人。”狠很地回击!这便是简爱的反抗精神。

成年以后,又发展成为一种神圣强烈的“自我”意识,倔强,顽强的叛逆精神表现地更加突出了简爱是如此地重视自我,她说:“我是自己的主人。”在她身上,始终显示出一种昂扬向上的生命力。她虽然一生经历坎坎坷坷,沐浴风风雨雨,但勤奋好学,她学法语,学钢琴,酷爱画画。正因为她的执着追求和聪明能干,才在洛伍德的八年中,“最后升到了第一班第一名的位置,接着,被授予教师的职位。”因而当后来贝茜再见到她时,才会大加赞赏:“你是够文雅的女孩一变为文雅脱俗的平凡女性,使她给人一种永久常新的魅力。”

二.要求经济独立

女性的独立首先在于经济的独立。在简爱生活的年代,结婚是女子的唯一出路。但在简爱的心目中,经济的独立是她人格独立的支柱,只有在经济独立的基础上,她才觉得自己是个实实在在的人。简爱经历了痛苦,贫穷的童年,但她发奋努力,终于以超群的才华当上了老师,经济上得以自食其力。她对经济上独立自主的要求是强烈的也是贯穿始终的。罗切斯特给她买昂贵的衣服首饰,都被她一一推掉。她向罗切斯特表示:“不要任何财物,只要一颗没有被大量的恩惠压倒的心。”她永远也受不了“让罗切斯特先生每天把我打扮得像一个玩偶,每天让金雨淋在我周围。”她执着不放弃家庭教师的工作,而要继续作阿黛尔的家庭教师。用这个挣得她的膳宿费和外加的一年三十英磅。在离开桑菲尔德和她所深爱的男人后,简爱用自己的双手和辛勤的汗水换来了一份新的生活。她承担了圣约翰为她介绍的艰苦工作。为穷人服务。做一名乡村教师。同时,这份工作也给了她很大的精神安慰:她可以自己养活自己,不需要依附任何人。简爱在经济上独立的要求,并没有使她把金钱作为唯一的目标。简爱在金钱面前,在叔叔的遗产一夜之间由赤贫变为富有的时候,她立即就把遗产的大部分转赠给她贫穷的表哥表姐。很明显,作者努力让她的女主人公在经济上独立的用心良苦。我认为,遗产的安排并非像许多评论者所说的是:“画蛇添足”。而是恰恰反映了作者已经敏锐地看到,女性的独立首先在于经济的独立。她清楚地懂得:如果妇女在经济上不能独立,那么在政治上,婚姻上就没有真正的独立,平等而言。这个认识无疑是接近真理的。正如恩格斯所指出的:“只要妇女仍然排除于社会的生产劳动之外而只是从事家庭的私人劳动,那么妇女的解放,妇女同男子的平等,现在和将来都是不可能的。

三.追求平等的爱情

按照维多利亚时期妇女的行为规范,简爱有两大过失:一是向一个男人(罗 切斯特)主动表达自己的爱情;二是拒绝另一个男人(圣约翰)的求婚。简爱与男主人罗切斯特的爱情波折,使她的个性得到了充分的体现。当简爱发现自已爱上罗切斯特的时候,她很清楚地意识到横亘在她们之间巨大的鸿沟;罗切斯特出身名门,是上流社会的绅士,她出身卑微,不名一文,只是一个地位与佣人差不多的家庭教师。然而,她并没有因此气馁,或者自我贬低,而是勇敢地向自已向罗切斯特承认自己的感情。在一场社会地位如此悬殊的爱情当中。表现得不卑不亢。她认为人在精神上都是平等的,这无疑是在等级森严的阶级社会向社会偏见的大胆挑战。“要是上帝赐于我一点美貌和财富,我就要让你感到难以离开我就像我现在难以离开你一样。”在英国小说史上,简是第一位女主人公,为强烈的感情驱使,主动地向她爱慕的男人翁表达爱意,而又如此率真感人!当她为自己不能与罗切斯特结合却仍被留在庄园而感到屈辱时,她愤然说道:“你认为,因为我穷!低微!不美!矮小,我就没有灵魂没有心吗?你错了!我的灵魂跟你一样,我的心也和你一样,我们站在上帝脚跟前,是平等的!”这番有力的自白表明了简一贯遵循的原则——自重,自尊,自爱。由于罗切斯特疯妻的存在使他们无法结成夫妻,于是罗切斯特就决定带简到遥远的地方一起生活,但简认为自己异于当一名情妇,她对自己说:“我关心自己,我越是孤独,越是没有朋友,越是没有支持,我越尊重自己。”她勇敢地面对厄运的挑战,作出了离开罗切斯特这一痛苦而又坚决的抉择。这正是她把爱情与人的真正价值紧紧连接在一起,从而使爱情升华到了更高的境界。她的出走,不仅完满地表现了她的性格,她的执著追求,而且是世俗观念的大胆蔑视。因此,她的离去不是逃避现实,而是在更高层次上的选择,是在争取一个普通女子应有的社会地位的道路上往前迈了一步。

简爱在离开庄园后,流浪荒郊,幸好被牧师圣约翰收留。在圣约翰与简的交往中,他发现了简的性格中闪出不平凡的光彩:她直爽,单纯,富有激情。特别是她的能吃苦耐劳和有毅力这一点,圣约翰认为是适合作一个传教士的妻子的有力条件,所以他向她求婚。但他对简的求婚不是出于爱情,而是上帝的旨意。简爱虽然佩服圣约翰的献身精神,但他们的爱情观有着裁然不同的分歧。她认为圣约翰向她求婚,不是因为爱她,只是要在他在印度为基础而结合,而不应该把妻子当做传教士的一件有用工具。她对圣约翰说:“我鄙视你的爱情观念!我瞧不起你奉献的这种不真实的感情!是的,圣约翰,你把它奉献出来的时候,我鄙视你!不以爱情为基础的婚姻也是不平等的!”圣约翰对简的求婚,实在是在宗教的名义下男权社会对女性的招安,本质上仍然是把女孩当作工具,当作附庸,当然被简爱拒绝。

四.笃信上帝

倔强,刚毅,热切追求爱情的简爱,有时又表现出与其叛逆性格相反的软弱性的一面。她在左右为难。进退维谷时,是靠上实来证实自我的,她热切呼唤冥冥之中拥有至高无上权感的神灵给她以帮助,神灵都在关键时刻给她指点迷津。

在教堂婚礼上,罗切斯特的秘密被当众揭穿,简爱心如刀绞,痛不欲生。此时她并没有凭心智去理性地分析这复杂的局势,而是立刻投靠上了上帝,在她敬畏的神和深爱的人之间进行了内心搏斗。她祈求神的保佑,当听到月亮母神“避开诱惑”的声音时,毅然出走了。虽然担心她的离开会成为她全心全意爱着的人堕落的根源,但由于认为定是上帝带领我继续前进,所以她义无反顾地走了。

当圣约翰向简爱求婚时,她虽然一开始拒绝他的要求,但是却始终赞赏他献

身宗教的精神,表示做妻子不行,做助手可以。后来在这个“正人君子”的宗教力量感召下,她几乎动摇了,这种动摇不带丝毫爱的成分,全部来自对上帝的恭敬,直到大自然传来罗切斯特旷野的呼喊,神秘的心灵感应才催促简爱带着几分清醒也伴着几分盲从踏上了返回桑匪尔德的路程:就连这精彩的回归,也未能摆脱上帝神秘的操纵。

五.囿于家庭

任何事物都有其两面性,当简爱苦尽甘来,与心爱的罗切斯特结为伉俪时,极其愉快地担当起了照顾残疾丈夫的重任,充其量仍是扮演了一个灰姑娘的角色。尽管她不甘囿于“做做布丁,织织袜子,弹弹钢琴,绣绣口袋”的角色,可事实上她的自我实现仍局限在良好家庭的贤妻良母式的自我完善上。她的女性意识沿未升华到参与社会政治经济生活,要在与男性平等地投身于社会活动中实现自我阶段。并且,简爱走的是一条个人奋斗的道路。这归根到底是由夏洛蒂阅历简单,受历史条件和世界观的限制,还找不到解决妇女不平等问题的出路这一局限所决定的。

简爱是一个有血有肉的魂灵,有着凡人的种种优点和常人的缺点。但人们并未因她的笃信上帝和其在生命追求过程中局限而忽略她人格的光华。人们爱她敢于反抗的性格,要求经济独立的魄力和追求平等爱情的精神。因此简爱便带着十九世纪的时代色彩,以她独特下魅力永久地生活在世界人民的心中。

参考文献:

[1]杨静远.勃朗特姐妹研究[M].北京:中国社会科学出版,1983

[2](英)夏洛蒂·勃朗特.简爱[M].杭州:浙江文艺出版社,1994

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范文五:简爱的人物形象分析

《简•爱》的人物形象分析 难道就因为我一贫如洗,默默无闻,长相平庸,个子瘦小,就没有灵魂,没有心肠了——你想错了,我的心灵跟你一样丰富,我的心胸一样充实!

——《简∙爱》夏洛蒂

《简∙爱》是英国十九世纪著名的女作家夏洛蒂·勃朗特的代表作,是一部带有自转色彩的长篇小说,它阐释了这样一个主题:人的价值=尊严+爱。《简∙爱》是我最喜爱的外国名著之一。

大凡喜爱外国文学作品的女性,都喜欢读夏洛蒂的《简∙爱》。如果我们认为夏洛蒂仅仅只为写这段缠绵的爱情而写《简∙爱》。我想,那就错了!作者也是一位女性,生活在波动变化着的英国19世纪中叶,那时思想有着一个崭新的开始,而在《简∙爱》里渗透最多的也就是这种思想——女性的独立意识。让我们试想一下,如果简爱的独立,早已被扼杀在寄人篱下的童年生活里;如果她没有那份独立,她早已和有妻女的罗切斯特生活在一起,开始有金钱,有地位的新生活;如果她没有那份纯洁,我们现在手中的《简∙爱》也不再是令人感动的流泪的经典。所以,我开始去想,为什么《简∙爱》让我们感动?让我们爱不释手?那就是她独立的性格,令人心动的人格魅力。

然而,我们不禁要问,仅这一步就能独立吗?我认为,不会的。毕竟女性的独立是一个长期的过程,不是一蹴而就的。它需要一种彻底的勇气,就像简爱当年毅然离开罗切斯特一样,需要“风潇潇兮易水寒,壮土一去兮不复返”的豪迈和胆量。我想,这应该才是最关键的一步,也应该是走向独立的决定性的一步。而夏洛蒂笔下的简爱却把她倔强的性格,独立的个性留给我们一个感动,所以她是成功的、幸福的女性。

从这本书中,可以看出它塑造了一个体现新兴阶级的某些要求的女性形象,刻画了工业革命时期的时代精神。

对简爱,我有的是欣赏和赞美。她追求独立的人格,追求男女之间精神的平等。虽经历不幸却热爱生活,并把爱带给每个需要她的人。为了自己的爱的信念,平等的真实纯粹的爱,甚至毅然放弃渴望以久的唾手可得的爱情,并最终也自己的爱人实现了精神上的平等,简爱的一生,虽谈不上轰轰烈烈,但却是平凡而不平庸。在我心中,简爱就像一个充满智慧、充满爱心并努力使

自己生命得到最大张扬的精灵。她的生命,有如彗星的闪亮和美丽。

然而,最打动我心的却是海伦∙彭斯,一个同样充满智慧和爱心的小姑娘。

海伦——我心目中超凡美丽的天使。她超凡,是因为她完全放弃现世,达到了浩淼高远的精神境界,有着难以比拟的忍耐精神。她美丽,毋庸置疑,有哪个人心目中的天使不美丽呢?

海伦的超凡是常人无法企及的,也是常人无法理解的。包括简爱。

简爱说过这样的一段话:“如果大家老是对残酷,不公道的人百依百顺,那么那些坏家伙就更要任性胡来了,他们会什么也不惧怕,这样也就永远也不会改好,反而越来越坏,当我们无缘无故挨了打,我们一定要狠狠地回击。” 我很赞成简的这种说法,因为自尊、自重是做人的最起码的要求。

但是海伦,她的观点与简爱是截然不同的。海伦主张凡事能忍就忍,这样自己快乐,别人也会对你好一些。我觉得海伦的这些话在我们看来是很让人不可理解的。但是她的宽容、忍让以及她那博大的胸怀,是令人钦佩的。我们无需去评价她的话,至少我们应从中悟出些什么。

我很喜欢海伦的一句话:“我觉得生命太短促了,不值得把它花费在怀恨和记仇上。”只要我们每人都能记住它,多多去理解别人、体谅别人、关心别人,多看到一些美好的事物,乐观地对待生活,我们的生活中一定会充满阳光。

海伦因小事受鞭罚,简爱认为这是无法忍受的。她说:“要是他用那个鞭揍我,我会从她手中夺过来,我会当着他的面把它折断。然而海伦却以圣经中的以德报怨,告之以忍耐既然无可避免就非忍受不可,命中该你忍受的事如果你说受不了,那是软弱和愚蠢的。简爱惊异而无法理解这种信条,也无法理解和赞同她的宽容,然而她感觉到了海伦是“凭借一种我所看不到的光来考察事物的”。海伦能让简平静下来,虽然会掺杂一点忧郁,这使简在一次又一次挫折中变得坚强,而在简和海伦的友谊中让读者体会到她的善良及对朋友的忠诚和关爱,而不是因为一直生活在压抑中并要不停反抗而显出的行为上的粗鲁,这就塑造了一个完整的人物形象。她陪着海伦度过最后一夜,送她最后一个吻,和她交换最后一句话。这一段段的对话不仅反映出人的个性,同时也告诉了读者做人的道理。

简爱的反抗精神固然自然率直,令人振奋,但海轮的坚忍宽

容更显豁达而耐人寻味。 海伦的超凡在于她能够把真正的智慧和勇气施及他人。 在简爱受到勃洛克赫斯特的诽谤和污辱时,她看到海伦眼中闪出奇怪的光芒。而且明了那是高智慧和真勇气的流露,凭借着这圣光的支持,简爱抑制住将要歇斯底里的发作。但简爱只能以此抚慰自己无助又不安的灵魂,却无法踏入海轮的精神殿堂。

这也正说明了海伦的超凡脱俗。一个十几岁的小姑娘竟有如此虚怀若谷的气度和容纳百川的胸襟,真是可钦,可敬!

然而,天使终归是要回返天堂的——她永远的家。

海伦在人世的生命虽然短暂,但却发出了流星般耀眼的光芒。海轮的一生,有如落日一般辉煌与悲壮,这是一种崇高的美,豁达的美,气势磅礴的美,可歌可泣的美。

还记得那次梦中醒来,努力搜集所有有关海伦的语言和描述。不知为什么,对她的死就是有一种不甘。令我感到欣慰的是发现了一段被自己忽略了的细节,书中是这样描述的“在海伦的墓碑上有这么一个拉丁文,Resurgam意思是我将再生”。

一股郁结也心胸的感伤终于释怀了。我欣然,释然。

“Resurgam”不正象征了海伦的崇高精神永存不灭吗?

我想,这也是对海伦的死的最好的诠释。

人,不因为美丽而可爱,却因为可爱而美丽。

喜欢《简∙爱》,最主要是喜欢书中对爱情描写。没有任何露骨、低俗、色情的刻画,呈现在读者面前的是一种动人心弦、至高无上的爱。

她一直以为自己姿色平平,地位低下,贫穷,微不足道,只配过一种平淡,清苦的生活,象野花野草那样无人欣赏,无人攀摘,自生自灭。可没想到她和主人之间燃起了烈焰般的爱情。一开始她把爱深深地埋藏在心底。在喝茶、吃午餐和傍晚的散步,她尽可能地若无其事,平静处之,但在独自一人的时候,她打开记忆的闸门,他们相处的一幕幕清楚的再现,陶醉在深深的幸福之中。她多次试探罗切斯特先生和英格拉姆小姐的婚事,罗切斯特先生也佯装与英格拉姆小姐亲密。他们相互之间试探,相互审视着对方,其实他们早已在心灵上合为一体了。罗切斯特先生对简刻骨铭心爱的表露:“我有时候对你有一种奇怪的感觉---特别是象现在这样,你靠近我的时候,我左边肋骨下的哪一个地方,似乎有一根弦和你那小身体同样地方的一根类似的弦打成了结,打得紧紧的,解都解不开。要是那波涛汹涌的海峡和两百英里左右的陆地把我们远远的隔开,那时候,我内心就会流血,对于只

是以容貌来取悦于我的女人,在我发现她们既没有灵魂又没有良心---在她们让我看到平庸、浅薄,也许还有低能、粗俗和暴燥的时候,我完全是个恶魔;可对于明亮的眼睛,雄辩的舌头,火做的灵魂和既柔和又稳定,既驯服又坚定的能屈而不能断的性格,我却是永远是温柔和忠实的。”这话既打动了简爱,也打动了我。 本该一帆风顺走下去结婚生子,但却因一场突如其来的变故而搁浅。罗切斯特先生发疯的前妻的出现,简爱走了,为了她的自尊,也为了对爱情的忠贞。后来发疯的妻子烧毁了所有一切,跳楼身亡;罗切斯特先生为救疯女人被倒塌的房樑砸瞎了双眼。孤寂地隐居在森林间的小木屋......这时简又来到了他的身边,在仿佛经历了几个世纪之后的相见,没有了语言,没有了火一样的激情,他们紧紧相拥,平静走向小木屋......

这是一个老套的爱情故事。过了许多年,可在我看来,仍常读常新。也正是被故事所深深打动,使我在对待生活,对待环境,待人处事和对待感情方面引为自鉴。在这个什么都和金钱相关联,人情比纸薄,人称之没有爱情的年代里,《简∙爱》的故事的确让人感到一丝温馥和慰籍,让人明白爱的真谛。也特别适合从小生活在物资充裕,被爱包围的独生子女们来读,来领略简那自尊、自强、自立、平和宽容和充满怜悯爱心的精神世界。

爱情、亲情和怜爱之心是人类最丰厚也是最重要的精神财富。缺了它,等于白活一世。学会爱人,感恩很重要。

《简∙爱》这本小说是以简爱的性格为脉络的,这样的结局是为简的性格取向服务的。我喜欢这样的结局,因为生活需要光明的存在。

读懂《简∙爱》,感悟人生。

阅读详情:http://www.wenku1.com/news/89D0EE9962F31AF4.html

范文六:生当作人杰——项羽人物赏析中的爱国主义教育

2 0 14年 3月  第 1 2期

教 育 教 学论 坛

ED U CA TI ON  TE AC HI NG  F OR UM

Ha r . 201   4   N O. 12

生 当作人 杰

— —

项羽人物 赏析 中的爱 国主义教育

铜川 7 2 7 0 0 0 )

( 铜J I f 矿务局一 中, 陕西

摘要: 项羽是西楚霸王 , 他 的事迹广为流传。人们在被他 巨大魅力尤其是爱国情怀感染的 同时, 也在为他该不该渡过乌  江而进行 了长达千百年的争论。 新课改《 中国古代诗歌散文欣赏》 中选 了《 项羽之死》 , 结合课 本内容, 文章试从项羽人物的形  象赏析 入 手 , 领 略 其精 神 内涵 , 探 讨 人们 为什 么会在 过 乌 江 的 问题 上 有如 此 大 的争议 的 原 因 , 以及 他 的 悲剧 结局 和 爱 国主 义  精神 , 同时对培养学生的爱国主义情怀方面进行 了探讨。   关键词: 人 杰; 悲剧 英雄 ; 爱 国主 义 ; 文 学 立场 ; 政 治立 场

中图分 类 号 : G 6 3 1   文献 标 志码 : A   文章 编 号 : 1 6 7 4 — 9 3 2 4 ( 2 0 1 4 ) 1 2 — 0 2 1 9 一 O 1

有人曾这样点评项羽 : “ 项羽拔山盖世之雄 , 喑呜叱咤,   千 人 皆废 , 为 什 么身 死东 城 , 为 天下人 笑 ? 他 的失 败 原 因 ‘ 妇  人 之仁 , 匹夫 之勇 ’ 两句话 包 括尽 了。 当其败 北之 时 , 如果 渡  过乌江 , 卷土重来 , 尚不知鹿死谁手。 ” 赞同这种观点的人不  在 少数 ,如 唐 朝大 诗人 杜 牧就 曾这样 写 到 :胜 败兵 家事 不  期, 包羞忍耻是男儿。 江东子弟多才俊 , 卷土重来未可知。 女  词人李清照在她的《 夏 日绝句》 中也说到 : 生 当作人杰 , 死亦  为 鬼雄 。至 今思 项 羽 , 不肯 过江 东 。   当然也有一部分人反对项羽过江,认为过江也不可能  卷 土重 来 。 典 型代 表人 物就 有 毛泽东 和 王安 石 。 毛泽 东点 评  帝王将相 , 说项羽之所 以失败是他出生贵族 , 不知底层人 民   的生活。刘邦是底层人 民, 可也混了个泗水亭长 , 而项羽 自   幼却追随项梁流浪 , 连基本的生活都不能保障 , 生活体验怎  会少于刘邦?不过 , 话又说回来 , 提到这方面 , 陈胜 , 吴广才  是 绝对 的优 胜 者 , 征战多年 , 利益 熏 心 , 到 头 来虽 有 很 多 的   生活经验 , 却也没能成就帝业。 王安石也持同样的意见 。同   个人物 , 同样 的 问题 , 见解 如此 不 同 , 笔 者认 为他 们 只 是  各 自站在不同的立场上客观冷静地看待问题而已。诗人们  看到项羽高尚的品格 , 政治家看到项羽身处

的绝境。 立场不  同, 角度 不 同 , 得 出 的结论 也就 不 同 。 所谓的“ 横看 成 岭侧 成  峰, 远近 高低 各 不 同 。” 正 是这 样 的原 因 。   个 弱不 禁 风 的女 子 , 一 个坎 坷 漂泊 的女子 , 一个 沧 桑  憔 悴 的女 子 。笔 墨所 抒 人杰 之 “ 杰” , 高 出众 人几 层 之上 ; 鬼  雄之“ 雄” , 高出世人料想 。 一个“ 思” 字, 标示她的思想所 向、   志 向所指 , 何等的无畏 。这一绝旬在她婉约的文字中, 异军  突起 , 这是她另一种底蕴 的显露 , 是她别 一种 的气质光彩 ,   是 亡 国之 悲忿 、 爱 国之 强烈 、 命 运 之 不屈 的 铮铮 风 骨和 铿锵

一 一

“ 不肯” !不 是 “ 不 能” 、 不是 “ 不想 ” 、 不是 “ 不愿 ” 、 不是 “ 不  去” 。一 个 “ 不肯” 笔来 神韵 , 强过 鬼 斧神 工 , 高 过天地 造 化 。   种“ 士可 杀不 可 屈辱 ” 、 “ 死 不惧 而辱 不受 ” 的英 雄豪 气 , 漫  染纸 面 , 力透 纸背 。令 人 叫绝称 奇而 无任 何言 语 !   星光灿烂的古典文学长河, 群星璀璨无 比, 这是中华上  下五 千年历 史 一路 走过 之处 , 给后人 留下 的斑 斓 印记 。 但无  论 青 天 白 日之 下 , 还 是 明月 当空 之 时 , 打 开 诗词 集 锦 , 李清  照的“ 生当作人杰 , 死亦为鬼雄” 的绝句 , 其浩然正气 , 傲然  风骨 , 总会使 人肃 然起 敬 , 凝 神起 思 , 思 而情 !   何谓做人风骨, 何谓做人气节 , 从李清照这位以婉约凄  美 而 屹立文 坛 的 女子 身上 ,我 们 可 以找 到最 为精 准 的答案  吧 !这 也就 是 中 国的文 人 尤其 是 大多 数诗 人赞 同项 羽 过江  的原因 , 他们希望项羽东 山再起 , 战胜刘邦这个泼皮无赖 ,   夺取天下 , 成 就 西 楚 霸王 的梦想 , 也 成 就 他们 自己的 梦想 。   对 于 这样一 个 有人 格魅 力 的英 雄 ,诗人 们 自 然 都会 产 生一  种认同感和亲切感 , 项羽的成功就是他们 自己的成功 , 是他  们 自己理想 的成功。所 以杜牧写“ 胜败兵家事不期” 但他没  有看清 当时的形式 , 或许说他心存侥幸 , 所 以说 “ 未可知。”   那 也就 是说 胜也 未可 知 , 败 也未 可知 。

见证。

手 起笔 落 处 , 端 正凝 重 , 力 透人 胸臆 , 直 指人 脊 骨 。“ 生  当作人 杰 , 死 亦 为鬼 雄 ” , 这 不是 几 个 字 的精致 组 合 , 不 是几  个词的巧妙润色。是一种精髓 的凝练 , 是一种气魄的承载 ,   是一种所向无惧 的人生姿态。那种凛然风骨, 浩然正气 , 充  斥 天地 之 间 , 直令 鬼 神 徒然 变 色 。“ 当作 ” 之所 “ 亦为”

, 一个  女 子啊 ! 纤 弱无 骨 之手 , 娇 柔 无力 之躯 , 演绎 之柔 美 , 绕 指缠  心, 凄 切入 骨 , 细 腻感 人 无 以复加 。 透 过 她一 贯 的文笔 风格 ,   在她 以“ 婉 约 派之 宗 ” 而著 称文 坛 的光 环 映彻 下 。笔 端劲 力  突起 , 笔锋 刚 劲显 现 时 , 这 份 刚韧 之坚 , 气势 之 大 , 敢 问世 间  几人 可 与之 匹敌 ?   “ 至今思项羽 , 不肯过江东 。 ” 女词人追思那个 叫项羽的  西楚枭雄 , 追 随项 羽的精神和气节 , 痛恨宋朝当权者苟且偷  安 的时政 。都说退一步海阔天空 , 仅一河之遥 , 却是生死之  界, 仅一念之 间, 却是存亡之抉 。项羽 , 为了无愧于英雄名  节, 无 愧七 尺 男 儿 之 身 , 无 愧 江东 父 老所 托 , 以死 相 报 。是

对 于这 一 点政 治 家犀 利 的眼 睛看 得更 清楚 ,他 们 当然  也认 可 项羽 的人 格 魅力 ,但 对 于 当时 的政 治形 势却 有更 清  晰准确 的分 析 。   1 . 西 楚 国位 于 长 江 以北 的 全部 土 地 均 已失 陷 , 十万 楚  军 成为 绝对 的孤 军 。   2 . 楚 军 缺粮 已经几 个 月 , 士兵 饥饿 , 军 队根 本 没有 半 点  补给。   3 . 汉军联军约七十万 , 且 精力 饱 满 、 粮食充足 、 士 气 旺  盛, 而 项 羽 孤 军 十万 , 连 续 久 战疲 惫 , 决 战之 时 已是 十二 月   的大冬 天 , 而楚 军 刚从 广 武前 线 上 撤 下来 , 未经补给, 多 为  穿着夏秋季的装备, 寒冷饥饿 , 士气溃散。   4 . 汉军分五路有秩序推进 , 先占楚土 , 再行合围, 步步为  营, 包 围圈 完善 , 楚 军难 以发 动突 然性 的反 攻 。

5 . 楚军离江东的五郡距离遥远, 即使冲破包围圈 , 也很难  在汉 军的追击下及时 回到 己方领土 , 可以说 是“ 突围无效 ” 。   所 以毛泽东先生在他的七律《 人民解放军 占 领南京》 中这  样说 : 宜将剩勇追穷寇 , 不可沽名学 霸王。当年逞匹夫之勇 , 妇  人之仁, 放虎归山, 养虎为患, 酿成今天的惨败 , 那么渡过乌江  又有什么意义? 正和王安石的观点相吻合: 百战疲劳壮士哀, 中   原一败势难回。 江东弟子今虽在 , 肯与君王卷土来? 言下之意就  算他愿意再来 , 江东弟子未必愿意追随他再来。这个看法是  很 清醒 的 。 所 以项 羽最 终是 西楚 霸王 , 是 英雄 , 而不 是帝王 。   刘邦成就 了帝业 , 但是还是没能流芳百世 , 反而是项羽虽然  失败 了, 但人们一再传唱他 、 歌颂他 、 纪念他 。

21 9 —

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范文七:爱的教育人物简介

爱的教育人物简介 安利柯:《爱的教育》主人公,一个刚上小学四年级的意大利小男孩,出生在知识分子家庭,由于父亲的引导和教育,纯真善良,学习勤奋,待人诚恳、友善。

卡隆:卡隆的父亲是开火车的,卡隆身材高大,力气也大。但他为人诚实和蔼,乐于助人,学习非常用功。他的性格非常温和,同时又富有正义感,是能够牺牲自己来保护和帮助朋友的人。是安利柯最好的朋友。

奈利:身体瘦落,驼背,学习很用功,不斤斤计较,经常被同学欺负。 代落西:班长,尖子生,他每门功课成绩都非常优秀,他们家很富有,但是他并不因此而瞧不起贫穷的孩子。他性格开朗活泼,同时为人和气,谦虚善良,对同学诚恳友爱。大家都非常喜欢他。

费兰谛:调皮鬼,一副狡猾无赖像,喜欢嘲弄人,欺负弱小,捣乱,偷窃,有许多恶习。他不爱学习,屡教不改后被学校斥退,还被送进感化院。

瓦梯尼:衣着讲究,目中无人,有很强的虚荣心,嫉妒别人。

卡罗·诺卑斯:绅士的孩子,家里非常富有,却瞧不起人。

泼来可西:泼来可西是铁匠的儿子,他身材瘦小,脸色苍白,目光和善,又略带忧伤。因为他父亲是个酒鬼,经常喝醉酒后无缘无故打骂他,他的身上总是有伤痕,但是他从不在外人面前说他父亲的坏话。而且因为他父亲不务正业,只顾喝酒,泼来可西经常饿肚子。但是他非常懂事,一直刻苦努力地学习,后来,因为他的勤奋刻苦,学校发给他一个奖章,他父亲终于被他感动了,后来重新找回铁匠的工作,而且也不再喝酒了,他用自己的坚韧和努力改变了自己的父亲!

克洛西:卖菜人的儿子,略有残疾,父亲曾坐过监牢。 可莱谛:可莱谛家是开柴火店的,他家里总有忙不完的活,而他总是在不停忙碌的同时,又不忘记学习,作业也总是在干活的同时,抽空完成。他的衣服由于扛柴火,已经破了,肩膀上也有了深红的印痕,可是他总是乐呵呵的,从来没有怨言。他很尊重朋友间的友情,和朋友闹别扭后,他总能首先承认自己的错误。是个能帮父母分忧的懂事的孩子。

卡洛斐:一个善于买卖的孩子,经常在同学建交易赚钱。她也是一个知恩图报的孩子。 】

斯代地:有着顽强的精神,学习刻苦,爱读书。

洛贝谛:炮兵大尉的儿子,舍己为人,乐于帮助别人。

安东尼奥·拉勃柯(小石匠):个子特别矮小,喜欢做鬼脸,家里不富裕。

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范文八:爱的教育人物简介

爱的教育人物简介 安利柯:《爱的教育》主人公,一个刚上小学四年级的意大利小男孩,出生在知识分子家庭,由于父亲的引导和教育,纯真善良,学习勤奋,待人诚恳、友善。

卡隆:卡隆的父亲是开火车的,卡隆身材高大,力气也大。但他为人诚实和蔼,乐于助人,学习非常用功。他的性格非常温和,同时又富有正义感,是能够牺牲自己来保护和帮助朋友的人。是安利柯最好的朋友。

代落西:班长,尖子生,他每门功课成绩都非常优秀,他们家很富有,但是他并不因此而瞧不起贫穷的孩子。他性格开朗活泼,同时为人和气,谦虚善良,对同学诚恳友爱。大家都非常喜欢他。

费兰谛:调皮鬼,一副狡猾无赖像,喜欢嘲弄人,欺负弱小,捣乱,偷窃,有许多恶习。他不爱学习,屡教不改后被学校斥退,还被送进感化院。

泼来可西:泼来可西是铁匠的儿子,他身材瘦小,脸色苍白,目光和善,又略带忧伤。因为他父亲是个酒鬼,经常喝醉酒后无缘无故打骂他,他的身上总是有伤痕,但是他从不在外人面前说他父亲的坏话。而且因为他父亲不务正业,只顾喝酒,泼来可西经常饿肚子。但是他非常懂事,一直刻苦努力地学习,后来,因为他的勤奋刻苦,学校发给他一个奖章,他父亲终于被他感动了,后来重新找回铁匠的工作,而且也不再喝酒了,他用自己的坚韧和努力改变了自己的父亲!

克洛西:卖菜人的儿子,略有残疾,父亲曾坐过监牢。

可莱谛:可莱谛家是开柴火店的,他家里总有忙不完的活,而他总是在不停忙碌的同时,又不忘记学习,作业也总是在干活的同时,抽空完成。他的衣服由于扛柴火,已经破了,肩膀上也有了深红的印痕,可是他总是乐呵呵的,从来没有怨言。他很尊重朋友间的友情,和朋友闹别扭后,他总能首先承认自己的错误。是个能帮父母分忧的懂事的孩子。

奈利:身体瘦落,驼背,学习很用功,不斤斤计较,经常被同学欺负。

瓦梯尼:衣着讲究,目中无人,有很强的虚荣心,嫉妒别人。

卡罗·诺卑斯:绅士的孩子,家里非常富有,却瞧不起人。

卡洛斐:一个善于买卖的孩子,经常在同学建交易赚钱。她也是一个知恩图报的孩子。

斯代地:有着顽强的精神,学习刻苦,爱读书。

洛贝谛:炮兵大尉的儿子,舍己为人,乐于帮助别人。

安东尼奥·拉勃柯(小石匠):个子特别矮小,喜欢做鬼脸,家里不富裕。

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范文九:简爱人物分析

摘 要:《简爱》是19世纪英国作家夏洛蒂.勃朗特的代表作,它成功塑造了一位勇于反抗、自尊自爱、追求平等和独立人格的新女性形象。尤其是她对纯洁爱情的不懈追求,在今天仍有其现实意义。

关键词:简爱性格特点现实意义

一、简爱的性格特点

(一) 叛逆反抗

简爱,在寄居的舅妈家里,和骄横残暴的表哥约翰发生冲突,瘦小的她敢于和表哥扭打,并怒斥他。他还敢于指责冷酷护短的舅妈: (四)勇于追求纯洁的爱情

简爱对罗彻斯特的情感非常地真诚专一,这主要表现在她对罗彻斯特执着而强烈的爱情上。当圣约翰向她提出求婚,要她作为他的助手一起去印度传教时,简爱虽然认为“他是个好人”,但还是拒绝了他的求婚。因为在简爱看来,他爱的并不是自己,他更爱的是上帝。更重要的是,无论他对她如何,她心里爱的仍是罗彻斯特。可是在得知罗彻斯特还有疯了的合法妻子,她还是拒绝了他的爱,她不愿作人情妇,她要的还是一份真正意义的完整爱情。然而,当简爱离开了罗彻斯特后,并没有在感情上抛弃他;相反,她的爱情像殉道一般,专一到打算为其作永远的牺牲,贫困时是这样,富有后仍是这样,更不会因为罗彻斯特身体上的残缺而弃之不顾。以下是罗彻斯特在庄园被烧毁,眼睛瞎了后,向简爱求爱的一段独白。

“简,你肯嫁给我吗?”

“肯的,先生”

“一个比你大20岁的瘸子,你得伺侯他的人。”

“是的,先生”

“当真,简?”

“完全当真,先生。”

从中可看到简爱所追求的爱情不是物质财富,而是真正意义上的纯洁爱情。

(五)意志坚强

在盖茨海德府,简爱是童话里的和经历使她拥有一个富有智慧、善良敏感、坚强独立的高贵灵魂,在这一点上,她与主人相比毫不逊色,甚至使其有时感到惭愧。

二、简爱性格的现实意义

小说在努力告诉我们,人最美好的生活是人的尊严加爱,小说的结局给女主人公安排的就是这样一种生活。 毕竟在当今社会,要将人的价值=尊严+爱这道公式付之实现常常离不开金钱的帮助。 人们都疯狂地似乎为了金钱和地位而淹没爱情。 很少有人会像简这样为爱情为人格抛弃所有,而且义无反顾。《简爱》所展现给我们的正是一种化繁为简,是一种返朴归真,是一种追求全心付出的感觉,是一种不计得失的简化的感情,它犹如一泓清泉, 涤荡每一个读者的心灵,同时引起读者,特别是女性读者的共鸣。她的生命,有如彗星的闪亮和美丽。

爱情是人类生活最美丽的特征。真正的爱情是不能以人们的财富、权利以及地位来衡量的。在大多数人的生活中,人们喜欢去追求一种非常浪漫,非常有意义的爱情,而笔者认为,男女之间能够真心相对,用心与情感去真诚地交流,彼此相互尊重,相互理解,从而双方亲密无间,这才是最重要的。

三、 结语

从上文的分析可见,简爱是一个经受生活磨难,却能自强自立,自尊自爱,追求平等的女性形象。她对自己的思想和人格有着理性的认识,对自己的幸福和情感有着坚定的追求。在当今社会,人们都疯狂地似乎为了金钱和地位而淹没爱情。 很少有人会像简爱这样为爱情为人格抛弃所有,而且义无反顾。 这正是简爱人格魅力所在,也是本文的写作目的所在。简爱对纯洁爱情的不懈追求足以打动每一个人。◆

参考文献:

[1]刘炳善. 英国文学简史.河南人民出版社,1993.

[2]刘俐俐. 外国经典短篇小说文本分析. 北京大学出版社,2004.

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范文十:简爱人物分析

简爱的性格特点及其具体表现

1.自尊自主、叛逆反抗

简爱,在寄居的舅妈家里,和骄横残暴的表哥约翰发生冲突,瘦小的她敢于和表哥扭打,并怒斥他:

2、自爱自重

简爱非常重视自我,她说,“我是自己的主人。”当结婚的计划被现实粉碎时,她拒绝了罗切斯特带她去法国的建议,她说“我关心我自己,越孤独,越没有朋友,越没有人帮助,我越要自重。”

3、追求精神上的自由、平等

当简爱发觉她深深地爱上了主人后,在地位如此悬殊的情况下,她却敢于去爱,因为她坚信人在精神上都是平等的。当罗切斯特为了试探她而假意要娶某贵族小姐时,她愤怒地说:

4、勇于追求纯洁的爱情

简爱对罗彻斯特情感非常的真诚和专一,这主要表现在对她对罗彻斯特执着而强烈的爱情上。当简爱离开了罗彻斯特后,并没有在感情上抛弃他;相反,她的爱情像殉道一般,专一到打算为其作永远的牺牲,贫困时是这样,富有后仍是这样,更不会因为罗彻斯特身体上的残缺而弃之不顾。

5、意志坚强,智慧过人

在盖茨海德府,简爱的心没有被丑恶的现实所摧毁,她的精神和意志却因粗砺的生活而锤炼的顽强、坚决。在劳渥学校的挨饿受冻,挨打罚站的悲惨生活,更体现了简爱的坚强和惊人的意志力。

在下面主人咄咄逼人的问话中,简爱无所畏惧自卑,更表现她智慧的一面。 罗彻斯特:

简:

罗彻斯特:

简:

罗彻斯特:

简:

她所受过的教育和经历使她拥有一个富有智慧、善良敏感、坚强独立的高贵灵魂,在这一点上,她与主人相比毫不逊色,甚至使其有时感到惭愧。

从上文的分析可见,简爱是一个贫苦低微、其貌不扬、性格倔强、感情丰富、独立自尊、勇敢执着、聪慧过人的女孩,她对自己的命运、价值、地位的思考和努力把握,对自己的思想和人格有着理性的认识,对自己的幸福和情感有着坚定的追求。

圣约翰

圣约翰是小说中塑造的一个近乎完美的形象。他非常英俊,狂热地全身心投入自己的理想,他所有的行为都只为了一个目的,就是实现自己的理想和目标——当一名传教士,为信仰献身。他决定去印度传教,甘愿在当地恶劣的气候和野蛮愚昧的环境的双重摧残下殉教,希望以此获得永恒的拯救。

伯莎。梅森

伯莎从开始出现就是简爱的噩梦,她疯狂、危险、丑恶并且可怜。她是简与罗切斯特婚姻的障碍,也是简的幸福路上的障碍。她的出现,最终导致简的出走,之后她的死亡也让简回到了罗切斯特的身边。她作为配角,反衬了简爱的高尚品德,也成为美好爱情所经受的一道考验。

罗切斯特

他和简一样有着一颗真诚善良的心,虽然它曾经迷失,但是重新又回到了正轨。

简爱正如那午夜阳光,在罗切斯特最黑暗、最需要帮助的时候出现了。她给了他一次新生,让他勇敢地面对自己,诚实坦率地说出了压抑已久的心里话。从此,他的脸上有了温柔慈祥的表情,心灵得到了充分的滋养。他深深地不顾一切地爱着简爱,这种爱,是得到理解与沟通的爱,是灵魂与灵魂之间的爱。

简离开后,发生了一场大火。罗切斯特先生英勇地留在最后面走,把生的希望抢先留给了别人。这个善良的人为了拯救发疯的妻子,他不幸双目失明,身体严重残疾。这种无私的精神多么令人钦佩啊!

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